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Table 3 Association of maternal CMV—IgM with Obstetrical, socio-demographical and clinical characteristic of the mother (n = 156) in SPHMMC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2015

From: Maternal and Congenital cytomegalovirus infection and zero rubella IgM prevalence in newborns in St.Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College

Characteristics CMV-IgM status COR (95 % CI) P value AOR (95 % CI) P value
Positive n (%) Negative n (%)
Age
 +25 2 (25.0) 74 (50.0) 14.8 (1.7–128) 0.014 1.8 (0.1–32.0) 0.81
 26–35 4 (50.0) 69 (46.6) 6.9 (1.01–47.0) 0.049 1.7 (0.13–23.9) 0.83
 36+ 2 (25.0) 5 (3.4) 1   1  
Income
 +1500 2 (25.0) 79 (53.4) 2.1 (0.2–24.1) 0.56 1.36 (0.1–18.1) 0.82
 1500–2500 5 (62.5) 50 (33.8) 0.5 (0.1–4.8) 0.57 0.5 (0.05–5.2) 0.57
 >2500 1 (12.5) 19 (12.8) 1   1  
Educational status
 Illiterate 3 (37.5) 31 (20.9) 2.9 (0.4–21) 0.30 0.8 (0.034–21.2) 0.90
 Primary 1 (12.5) 40 (27.0) 11.4 (0.9–143) 0.06 8.7 (0.3–247.5) 0.20
 Secondary 3 (37.5) 69 (46.6) 10 (1.2-82.3) 0.03 15.7 (0.5–485.0) 0.12
 Higher education 1 (12.5) 8 (5.4) 1   1  
Occupation
 Housewife 6 (75.0) 123 (83.1) 1   1  
 Other 2 (25.0) 25 (16.9) 0.6 (0.12–3.2) 0.60 0.6 (0.12–3.2) 0.60
Blood transfusion history
 Yes 2 (25.0) 8 (5.4) 5.8 (1.02–33.6) 0.048 0.09 (0.0–0.3) 0.006
 No 6 (75.0) 140 (94.6) 1   1  
HIV-sero status
 Positive 1 (12.5) 1 (0.7) 0.048 (0.003–0.8) 0.038 5.0 (1.5–15.8) 0.034
 Negative 7 (87.5) 147 (99.3) 1   1  
Under five children in the household
 None 4 (50.0 %) 86 (58.1) 1    
 1–2 3 (37.5) 59 (39.9) 0.92 (0.2–4.2) 0.91   
 3+ 1 (12.5) 3 (2.0) 0.14 (0.01–1.6) 0.12   
History of abortion
 Yes 6 (75.0) 39 (26.4) 0.12 (0.02–0.6) 0.012 0.02 (0.0–0.6) 0.023
 No 2 (25.0) 109 (73.6) 1   1  
Pregnancy frequency
 +1 1 (12.5) 63 (42.6) 1   1  
 2–4 5 (62.5) 80 (54.0) 0.6 (0.12–3.7) 0.63 0.6 (0.12–3.7) 0.63
 5+ 2 (25.0) 5 (3.4) 0.08 (0.01–0.7) 0.022 0.08 (0.01–0.7) 0.022
Hearing loss
 Yes 1 (12.5) 1 (0.7) 0.05 (0.003–0.8) 0.038 0.01 (0.0–1.9) 0.08
 No 7 (87.5) 147 (99.3) 1   1  
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval