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Table 1 Characteristics of PTB sputum smear positive patients in Mbale regional referral hospital

From: Does health-related quality of life among adults with pulmonary tuberculosis improve across the treatment period? A hospital-based cross sectional study in Mbale Region, Eastern Uganda

Characteristic Total population Treatment phases X 2 value (p value)
Pretreatment Intensive Continuation
N = 210 (%) N = 70 N = 69 N = 71
Age (Mean ± SD) 35.48 ± 12.21 34.66 ± 12.05 36.61 ± 11.96 35.18 ± 12.70 0.472 (0.624)
Sex
 Male 136 (64.8) 47 (67.1) 46 (66.7) 43 (60.6) 0.832 (0.660)
 Female 74 (35.2) 23 (32.9) 23 (33.3) 28 (39.4)  
Marital status
 Married/cohabiting 119 (56.7) 40 (57.1) 44 (63.8) 35 (49.3) 4.453 (0.348)
 Separated 45 (21.4) 13 (18.6) 15 (21.7) 17 (23.9)  
 Single/never married 46 (21.9) 17 (24.3) 10 (14.5) 19 (26.8)  
Family size**
 0–3 61 (29.0) 31 (44.3) 17 (24.6) 13 (18.3) 12.510 (0.002)
 4+ 149 (71.0) 39 (55.7) 52 (75.4) 58 (81.7)  
Education level
 None or primary 111 (52.9) 36 (51.4) 39 (56.5) 36 (50.7) 0.561 (0.755)
 Secondary and above 99 (47.1) 34 (48.6) 30 (43.5) 35 (49.3)  
Religion**
 Christian 126 (60.0) 54 (77.1) 27 (39.1) 45 (63.4) 21.431 (≤ 0.001)
 Non-christian 84 (40.0) 16 (22.9) 42 (60.9) 26 (36.6)  
HIV co-infection
 Yes 124 (59) 38 (54.3) 45 (65.2) 41 (57.7) 1.792 (0.408)
 No 86 (41) 32 (45.7) 24 (34.8) 30 (42.3)  
Occupation
 Formal 50 (23.8) 13 (18.6) 22 (31.9) 15 (21.1) 3.820 (0.148)
 Informal 160 (76.2) 57 (81.4) 47 (68.1) 56 (78.9)  
SES tertiles
 Lowest 84 (40.0) 26 (37.1) 26 (37.7) 32 (45.1) 4.407 (0.354)
 Middle 87 (41.4) 29 (41.4) 34 (49.3) 24 (33.8)  
 Highest 39 (18.6) 15 (21.4) 9 (13.0) 15 (21.1)  
Residence
 Typical rural/village 122 (58.1) 41 (51.6) 38 (55.1) 43 (60.6) 0.443 (0.801)
 Trading center 88 (41.9) 29 (41.4) 31 (44.9) 28 (39.4)  
Initial sputum grade
 1+  48 (22.9) 16 (33.3) 15 (31.2) 17 (35.4) 0.459 (0.977)
 2+ 64 (30.5) 21 (32.8) 23 (35.9) 20 (31.2)  
 3+ 98 (46.7) 33 (33.7) 31 (31.6) 34 (34.7)  
Treatment strategy
 Community-based DOTS 33 (15.7) 10 (14.3) 14 (20.3) 9 (12.7) 1.693 (0.429)
 Facility-based DOTS 177 (84.3) 60 (85.7) 55 (79.7) 62 (87.3)  
Community attitude
 Supportive 119 (56.7) 63 (90) 30 (43.5) 26 (36.6) 48.182 (≤ 0.001)
 Not supportive 91 (43.3) 7 (10) 39 (56.5) 45 (63.4)  
Employment**
 Yes 112 (53.3) 53 (75.7) 34 (49.3) 25 (35.2) 23.913 (≤ 0.001)
 No 98 (46.7) 17 (24.3) 35 (50.7) 46 (64.8)  
Disclosure to family**
 Yes 133 (63.3) 32 (45.7) 47 (68.1) 54 (76.1) 14.986 (0.001)
 No 77 (36.7) 38 (54.3) 22 (31.9) 17 (23.9)  
Alcohol
 Yes 76 (36.2) 23 (32.9) 28 (40.6) 25 (35.2) 0.942 (0.624)
 No 134 (63.8) 47 (67.1) 41 (59.4) 46 (64.8)  
Family support
 Yes 167 (79.5) 52 (74.3) 56 (81.2) 59 (83.1) 1.850 (0.397)
 No 43 (20.5) 18 (25.7) 13 (18.8) 12 (16.9)  
Belonging to social support group
 Yes 27 (12.9) 5 (7.1) 9 (13.0) 13 (18.3) 3.926 (0.140)
 No 183 (87.1) 65 (92.9) 60 (87.0) 58 (81.7)  
  1. **Significant factors