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Table 3 Factors associated with PCS Scores across treatment phases among sputum smear positive PTB patients in Mbale regional referral hospital

From: Does health-related quality of life among adults with pulmonary tuberculosis improve across the treatment period? A hospital-based cross sectional study in Mbale Region, Eastern Uganda

Factors Pretreatment phase Intensive phase Continuation phase
Unadjusted β (p value) Adjusted β (p value) Unadjusted β (p value) Adjusted β (p value) Unadjusted β (p value) Adjusted β (p value)
Age −0.56 (0.003) −0.13 (0.498) −0.24 (0.101) 0.20 (0.203) −0.43 (0.013) −0.43 (0.013)
Sex
 Male Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Female −4.06 (0.414)   3.58 (0.325)   −1.38 (0.765)  
Marital status
 Married Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref  
 Separated −6.40 (0.276) −3.23 (0.551) −4.87 (0.213) −6.61 (0.092) −3.64 (0.516)  
 Single 14.11 (0.009) −1.93 (0.740) 14.97 (0.002) 11.94 (0.028) 4.26 (0.430)  
Family size
 0–3 Ref   Ref   Ref  
 4+ 7.15 (0.126)   4.01 (0.314)   3.93 (0.500)  
Education level
 None or primary Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Secondary and above 3.95 (0.397)   2.99 (0.387)   5.32 (0.236)  
Religion
 Christian Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Non-christian 6.19 (0.264)   −0.38 (0.914)   0.80 (0.864)  
HIV co-infection
 Yes Ref Ref Ref Ref   Ref
 No 1.25 (0.790) −3.68 (0.352) 2.35 (0.516) −3.28 (0.307) −1.66 (0.715) −2.14 (0.623)
Alcohol consumption
 Yes Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 No −6.84 (0.167) −2.42 (0.588) −2.26 (0.520)   0.58 (0.902)  
Employment
 No Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 Yes −16.58 (0.002) 1.19 (0.855) −4.28 (0.212) −4.20 (0.191) 4.11 (0.382)  
Occupation
 Formal Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 Informal −31.55 (<0.001) −28.66 (<0.001) −6.52 (0.074)   −8.99 (0.100)  
SES tertiles
 Lowest Ref   Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Middle 1.62 (0.758)   0.98 (0.783) 3.16 (0.342) 13.11 (0.009) 12.78 (0.009)
 Highest 8.48 (0.181)   14.36 (0.008) 14.56 (0.007) 8.65 (0.131) 6.19 (0.248)
Residence
 Typical rural/village Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 Trading center 10.06 (0.031) 4.24 (0.288) −3.12 (0.366)   3.06 (0.507)  
 Sputum grade
 1+ Ref   Ref Ref Ref  
 2+ 5.37 (0.411)   9.31 (0.048) 13.26 (0.004) 4.52 (0.467)  
 3+ 2.77 (0.643)   3.45 (0.434) 5.84 (0.152) −3.71 (0.507)  
Treatment strategy
 Community-based DOTS Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Facility-based DOTS 0.0185 (0.998)   2.72 (0.526)   1.86 (0.784)  
Family disclosure
 No Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 Yes 10.42 (0.024) 5.20 (0.222) −0.60 (0.871)   4.60 (0.382)  
Family support
 Yes Ref   Ref   Ref  
 No 1.33 (0.805)   2.88 (0.513)   −5.06 (0.399)  
Community aware
 Yes Ref   Ref   Ref  
 No 26.49 (0.056)   3.31 (0.341)   2.11 (0.650)  
Community attitude
 Supportive Ref Ref Ref   Ref Ref
 Not supportive −2.21 (0.777) −5.29 (0.443) 2.77 (0.425)   2.11 (0.650) 2.17 (0.623)
Social support group
 Yes Ref   Ref   Ref  
 No 1.74 (0.848)   −1.33 (0.794)   1.79 (0.759)