Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS), and correlation with quality of life (QoL) for 1444 Australian cancer patients and survivors

From: Handling missing items in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): a simulation study

Item number Item content Number missing % missing Meana Standard deviation Correlation with totalb Correlation with QoLc
Anxiety subscale (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.87)    5.66 4.20   −0.687
1 I feel tense or wound up 26 1.8 0.87 0.77 0.69  
3 I get a sort of frightened feeling, as if something awful is about to happen 26 1.8 0.86 0.83 0.70  
5 Worrying thoughts go through my head 25 1.7 1.00   0.68  
7 I can sit at ease and feel relaxed 24 1.7 0.92 0.77 0.62  
9 I get a frightened feeling like butterflies in the stomach 31 2.1 0.56 0.73 0.60  
11 I feel restless as if I have to be on the move 28 1.9 0.87 0.84 0.50  
13 I get sudden feelings of panic 28 1.9 0.44 0.72 0.73  
Depression subscale (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.84)    5.07 4.11   −0.767
2 I still enjoy things I used to enjoy 24 1.7 0.74 0.83 0.58  
4 I can laugh and see the funny side of things 28 1.9 0.51 0.76 0.64  
6 I feel cheerful 24 1.7 0.65 0.75 0.68  
8 I feel as if I am slowed down 28 1.9 1.36 0.92 0.50  
10 I have lost interest in my appearance 29 2.0 0.75 0.98 0.51  
12 I look forward with enjoyment to things 28 1.9 0.66 0.84 0.71  
14 I can enjoy a good book or radio or TV program 28 1.9 0.44 0.72 0.49  
Distress total score (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.90)    10.74 7.60   −0.796
  1. Higher values indicate higher anxiety or depression
  2. aPossible range of each item is 0–3; range for subscales is 0–21; range for distress is 0–42
  3. bCorrelation of item with total of remaining items in subscale
  4. cQoL is measured by the FACT-G