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Table 3 The relationship between educational level of respondents and knowledge on risk groups and protective measures for heat-related health effects

From: How resilient is the general population to heatwaves? A knowledge survey from the ENHANCE project in Brussels and Amsterdam

  Medium education Lower education
OR (95% CI)a OR (95% CI)a
Lower familiarity with risk groups for heat
 Elderly 2.0 (0.9–4.1) 3.1 (1.5–6.5)
 Young children/babies 1.9 (1.0–3.5) 6.4 (3.0–13.7)
 Sick individuals/patients 0.9 (0.5–1.7) 1.5 (0.7–3.0)
 Don’t know/only non-formal risk group 0.7 (0.3–1.7) 0.4 (0.2–0.8)
Lower familiarity with coping measures for heat
 Drink fluids 2.2 (1.1–4.3) 2.0 (1.0–4.0)
 Avoid heat/sun 0.9 (0.5–1.8) 2.4 (1.2–4.6)
 Adjust clothing 1.3 (0.7–2.5) 2.0 (0.9–4.2)
 Cool the body 1.2 (0.6–2.7) 0.9 (0.4–2.0)
 Use fan or airconditioning 2.1 (0.9–5.1) 0.8 (0.4–1.6)
 Keep windows closed 2.1 (0.7–6.3) 1.4 (0.5–3.9)
 Avoid physical activity 1.6 (0.6–4.1) 1.6 (0.6–4.6)
 Use sunscreen 0.5 (0.2–1.1) 0.8 (0.3–2.0)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aDifferences between educational levels were tested using logistic regression, where ‘higher education’ was the reference group. Statistically significant ORs are in italics