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Table 3 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics and associated mortality on ART in Fiche Hospital, Ethiopia

From: Pre-ART nutritional status and its association with mortality in adult patients enrolled on ART at Fiche Hospital in North Shoa, Oromia region, Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics Total Alive n = 402 Death n = 87 P value
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Sex
 Male 221 (45.2) 179 (81) 42 (19) 0.604
 Female 268 (54.8) 223 (83) 45 (17)  
Age groups (years)
 18–29 201 (41.1) 167 (83.1) 34 (16.9) 0.937
 30–39 149 (30.5) 123 (82.5) 26 (17.5)  
 40–49 100 (20.4) 81 (81) 19 (19)  
 50+ 39 (8.0) 31 (79.5) 8 (20.5)  
Nutritional status
 Malnourished 163 (33.3) 122 (74.8) 41 (25.2) 0.004
 Non-malnourished 326 (66.7) 280 (85.9) 46 (14.1)  
Educational status
 No education 138 (28.2) 102 (73.9) 36 (26.1) 0.011
 Primary 164 (33.5) 138 (84.1) 26 (15.9)  
 Secondary 152 (31.1) 129 (84.9) 23 (15.1)  
 Tertiary 35 (7.2) 33 (94.3) 2 (5.7)  
Functional status
 Working 265 (54.2) 257 (96.9) 8 (3.1) 0.0001
 Ambulatory 197 (40.3) 128 (64.9) 69 (35.1)  
 Bedridden 27 (5.5) 17 (62.9) 10 (37.1)  
WHO clinical stage
 Stage I 48 (9.8) 47 (97.9) 1 (2.1) 0.0001
 Stage II 197 (40.3) 192 (97.5) 5 (2.5)  
 Stage III 220 (45) 149 (67.7) 71 (32.3)  
 Stage IV 24 (4.9) 14 (58.3) 10 (41.7)  
Previous OIs
 None 304 (62.2) 289 (95.1) 15 (4.9) 0.0001
 One 68 (13.9) 50 (73.5) 18 (26.5)  
 2+ 117 (23.9) 63 (53.8) 54 (46.2)  
Initial ART regimen
 d4t(30)-3TC-NVP 83 (17) 72 (86.7) 11 (13.3) 0.245
 d4t(30)-3TC-EFV 64 (13.1) 51 (79.6) 13 (20.4)  
 AZT-3TC-NVP 230 (47) 193 (83.9) 37 (16.1)  
 AZT-3TC-EFV 112 (22.9) 86 (76.8) 26 (23.2)  
HIV related counseling
 Yes 141 (28.8) 135 (95.7) 6 (4.3) 0.0001
 No 348 (71.2) 267 (76.7) 81 (23.7)  
TB history
 Yes 148 (30.3) 101 (68.2) 47 (31.8) 0.0001
 No 341 (69.7) 301 (88.2) 40 (11.8)