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Table 2 Association between parasitic infections and maternal anaemia among the study population

From: Parasitic infections and maternal anaemia among expectant mothers in the Dangme East District of Ghana

Infection Total Anaemia
Absent (n = 126; % = 33.6) Present (n = 249; % = 66.4) χ2 p value
N = 375 % n % n %
Plasmodium spp.
 Present 62 16.5 12 3.2 50 13.3 23.290 <0.001
 Absent 358 83.5 114 30.4 199 53.1   
S. haematobium
 Present 17 4.5 3 0.8 14 3.7 7.118 0.008
 Absent 358 95.5 123 32.8 235 62.7   
Hookworm
 Present 15 4.0 1 0.3 14 3.7 11.267 0.001
 Absent 360 96.0 125 33.3 235 62.7   
A. lumbricoides
 Present 32 9.5 12 3.2 20 5.3 2.000 0.157
 Absent 343 91.5 114 30.4 229 61.1   
T. trichiuria
 Present 22 5.9 10 2.7 12 3.2 0.182 0.670
 Absent 353 94.1 116 30.9 137 63.2   
S. mansoni
 Present 28 7.5 8 2.1 20 5.3 5.143 0.023
 Absent 347 92.5 118 31.5 229 61.1   
S. stercoralis
 Present 7 1.9 2 0.5 5 1.3 1.286 0.257
 Absent 368 98.1 124 33.1 244 65.1   
Taenia spp.
 Present 3 0.8 1 0.3 2 0.5   
 Absent 372 99.2 125 33.3 147 65.9 0.333 0.564
Co-infection
 Present 15 4.0 1 0.3 14 3.7 11.267 0.001
 Absent 360 96.0 125 33.3 235 62.7   
  1. Schistosoma haematobium, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiuria, Schistosoma mansoni, Strogyloides stercoralis and Taenia species