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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and presenting symptoms of study participants, stratified by gender

From: Diagnostic yield of nontuberculous mycobacteria in patients booked for endoscopy at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka

  Overall Female number (%) Male number (%) p valuea
Gender [n (%)] 97 45 (46.4) 52 (53.6) 0.54
Age in years [Mean (SD)] 46.6 (15.9) 49.1 (16.7) 44.4 (14.9) 0.15
Area of residence [n (%)]     0.22
 Low cost 49 (50.5) 22 (48.9) 27 (51.9)  
 Medium cost 27 (27.8) 10 (22.2) 17 (32.7)  
 High cost 21 (21.7) 13 (28.9) 8 (15.4)  
Occupation status     0.01
 Unemployed 52 (53.6) 31 (68.9) 21 (40.4)  
 Employed 45 (46.4) 14 (31.1) 31 (59.6)  
Presenting symptoms
 Abdominal pain     0.88
  Yes 59 (60.8) 27 (60.0) 32 (61.5)  
  No 23 (39.2) 18 (40.0) 20 (38.5)  
 Blood in stool     0.50
  Yes 38 (39.2) 16 (35.6) 22 (42.3)  
  No 59 (60.8) 29 (64.4) 30 (57.7)  
 Diarrhoea     0.80
  Yes 23 (23.7) 10 (22.2) 13 (25.0)  
  No 74 (76.3) 35 (77.8) 39 (75.0)  
 Vomiting     0.39
  Yes 16 (16.5) 9 (20.0) 7 (13.5)  
  No 81 (83.5) 36 (80.0) 45 (86.5)
 Weight loss     0.08
  Yes 18 (18.6) 5 (11.1) 13 (25.0)  
  No 79 (81.4) 40 (88.9) 39 (75.0)  
 Fever     0.72
  Yes 8 (8.2) 3 (6.7) 5 (9.6)  
  No 87 (91.8) 42 (93.3) 47 (90.4)  
 HIV     0.95
  Yes 17 (19.3) 8 (19.1) 9 (19.6)  
  No 71 (80.7) 34 (80.9) 37 (80.4)  
 Anaemia     0.98
  Yes 44 (51.2) 20 (51.3) 24 (51.1)  
  No 42 (48.8) 19 (48.7) 23 (48.9)  
  1. aExcept for the age, where a t test was used, the p value was derived with the Chi square test, including Fisher’s exact test where appropriate