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Table 3 Percent and odds ratio of cardiovascular disease and related risk factors among Javanese Surinamese and South-Asian Surinamese participants

From: Comparison of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes among Javanese Surinamese and South-Asian Surinamese in the Netherlands. The HELIUS study

  Javanese Surinamese (n = 197) South-Asian Surinamese (n = 2738) Differences between ethnic groups Adjusted for age and sex: Javanese Surinamese were taken as a reference group
OR 95% CI
Overweight based on BMI (%) 39.1 38.4 0.95 0.70–1.27
Obesity based on BMI (%) 32.5 37.7 1.31 0.95–1.78
Obesity based on high waist circumference (%) 56.9** 70.1 2.20 1.60–3.02
Obesity based on high waist-to-hip Ratio (%) 74.6** 83.8 2.44 1.66–3.57
CVD according to Rose 7.7** 17.2 2.55 1.48–4.35
Diabetes 8.2** 18.7 2.77 1.67–4.60
Hypertension 37.8 42.4 1.28 0.91–1.79
High total cholesterol 41.1 39.5 0.94 0.70–1.26
High LDL 32.8 36.9 1.18 0.86–1.62
Low HDL 26.9** 41.2 1.89 1.34–2.65
High triglycerides 13.7 9.6 0.64 0.41–0.99
  1. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01 indicates statistically different from South-Asian Surinamese