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Table 1 Characteristics of people living with HIV on ART, stratified by gender [N (%) or mean ± SD]

From: People living with HIV on ART have accurate perception of lipodystrophy signs: a cross-sectional study

  Overall (N = 815) Men (N = 628) Women (N = 612) P value
Age (years) 40.0 ± 9.7 41.5 ± 9.7 38.4 ± 10.1 <0.001
Caucasian ethnicity 457 (56.1) 380 (60.5) 312 (51.0) <0.001
Years of formal education 7.4 ± 4.1 8.0 ± 4.2 6.8 ± 3.8 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.6 ± 4.3 24.0 ± 3.5 25.3 ± 5.0 <0.001
Time since HIV diagnosis (years) 6.0 ± 4.2 6.3 ± 4.5 5.7 ± 3.9 0.03
CD4 (cells per μL)     0.3
 >350 451 (55.6) 221 (53.0) 230 (58.4)  
 200–350 215 (26.5) 116 (27.8) 99 (25.1)  
 <200 145 (17.9) 80 (19.2) 65 (16.5)  
Viral load <50 copies/mL 488 (60.3) 261 (62.7) 227 (57.8) 0.15
Protease inhibitors use (PI) 468 (37.7) 212 (50.5) 256 (64.8) <0.001
Thymidine analogue nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (tNRTI) 253 (31.0) 131 (31.2) 122 (30.9) 0.9
Duration of PI (≥5 years) 105 (12.9) 61 (14.5) 44 (11.1) 0.15
Duration of tNRTI (≥4.5 years) 255 (31.3) 145 (34.5) 110 (27.8) 0.04