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Table 2 Prevalence of lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy signs according to self-perception (%) by gender among participants on ART

From: People living with HIV on ART have accurate perception of lipodystrophy signs: a cross-sectional study

  Overall (N = 815) Men (N = 420) Women (N = 395) P value
Reported signs of lipoatrophy     
 Fat facial wasting 32.6 38.3 26.6 <0.001
 Hollow cheeks 31.2 36.9 25.1 <0.001
 Buttock wasting 30.9 33.8 27.8 0.07
 Arm wasting 24.5 30.7 18.0 <0.001
 Prominent veins in the arms 30.3 41.7 18.2 <0.001
Number of reported signs of lipoatrophy    <0.001
 0 36.8 26.9 47.3  
 1 23.1 24.0 22.0  
 2 14.2 17.6 10.6  
 ≥3 25.9 31.4 20.0  
Reported signs of lipohypertrophy     
 Buffalo hump 10.6 6.2 15.2 <0.001
 Increased abdominal fat 57.8 48.3 67.8 <0.001
 Abdominal enlargement 53.3 40.5 66.8 <0.001
Number of reported signs of lipohypertrophy   <0.001
 0 33.3 44.5 21.3  
 1 19.1 19.0 19.2  
 2 40.4 33.3 47.8  
 3 7.2 3.1 11.6  
Prevalence of at least one reported sign
 Lipoatrophy 515 (63.2) 307 (73.1) 208 (52.7) <0.001
 Lipohypertrophy 544 (66.7) 233 (55.5) 311 (78.7) <0.001