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Table 3 Socio-demographic and other determinant variables on knowledge of nurses for pain management in public hospitals, Mekelle City, North Ethiopia, 2015 (n = 251)

From: Knowledge and factors associated with pain management for hospitalized children among nurses working in public hospitals in Mekelle City, North Ethiopia: cross sectional study

Characteristics Knowledge Odds ratio (95% CI)
Inadequate Adequate COR AOR
Qualification
 Diploma 19 12 1 1
 Degree 85 135 2.515 (1.162–5.442)* 2.226 (.942–5.258)
Usual shift of rotation
 Days only 40 34 1 1
 Nights only 4 1 .294 (.031–2.759) .275 (.026–2.853)
 Rotating shift 60 112 2.196 (1.261–3.823)* 1.755 (.936–3.293)
Patient inability to communicate
 No 45 32 1 1
 Yes 59 115 2.741 (1.579–4.757)* .609 (.304–1.218)
Lack of protocols
 No 36 30 1 1
 Yes 68 117 .484 (.274–.856)* .944 (.439–2.029)
Low priority of pain
 No 47 34 1 1
 Yes 57 113 .365 (.212–.629)* .955 (.457–1.996)
Sedation interfering
 No 59 37 1 1
 Yes 45 110 3.898 (2.277–6.674)* 2.707 (1.4–5.232)**
Poor communication of pain assessment
 No 45 32 1 1
 Yes 59 115 3.413 (1.920–6.066)* 1.104 (.533–2.286)
Read guidelines for managing children’s pain
 No 60 52 1 1
 Yes 44 95 2.491 (1.488–4.171)* 1.252 (.643–2.439)
Specific protocol
 No 66 57 1 1
 Yes 38 90 2.742 (1.632–4.608)* 2.159 (1.106–4.212)**
  1. * p ≤ .05, CI 95% (confidence interval), COD crude odds ratio, AOD adjusted odds ratio
  2. ** Remained statistically significant in both crude and adjusted odds ratio