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Table 2 Prevalence rates of pfcrt 76T and pfmdr1 86Y polymorphisms in this and previous studies

From: Genetic polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance genes, pfcrt and pfmdr1, in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Year Region pfcrt, 76T pfmdr1, 86Y Reference
2010 Manado 26/26 (100%) 24/29 (82.8%) This study
2010 Bitung 18/18 (100%) 21/22 (95.5%) This study
2010 (Total) 44/44 (100%) 45/51 (88.2%) This study
2004 Flores (East NusaTenggara) 20/20 (100%) 3/19 (15.8%) [21]
2004 Armopa (West Papua) 13/15 (86.7%) 4/15 (26.7%) [21]
2004 Minahasa (North Sulawesi) 17/18 (94.4%) 19/20 (95.0%) [21]
2004 Mamuju (South Sulawesi) 16/16 (100%) 10/16 (62.5%) [21]
2004 Nias (North Sumatra) 20/20 (100%) 19/19 (100%) [21]
2004 Hanura (Lampung) 25/25 (100%) 41/41 (100%) [21]
2004 Kokap (Central Java) 21/21 (100%) 28/28 (100%) [21]
2004 Kutai (East Kalimantan) 19/19 (100%) 28/28 (100%) [21]
2010 Peninsular Malaysia 39/75 (52.0%) 4/75 (5.3%) [33]
2009 Upper southern part of Thailand 66/66 (100%) 24/66 (36.4%) [35]
2009 Lower southern part of Thailand 492/492 (100%) 474/492 (96.3%) [35]
2004 Cambodia NA* 2/93 (2.2%) [36]
2001 West part if Thailand 271/271 (100%) 8/270 (3.0%) [34]
2006 Kenya 30/48 (62.5%) 31/38 (81.6%) [14]
2011 Benin 200/213 (93.9%) 121/212 (57.1%) [13]
2000 Malawi 10/75 (13.3%) 10/44 (23.0%) [30]
2009 Senegal NA* 26/174 (14.9%) [37]