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Table 3 Knowledge of students about Goiter/IDDs of high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones, Southern Ethiopia, April, 2012

From: Assessing the status of iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and associated factors in Wolaita and Dawro Zones School Adolescents, southern Ethiopia

Variables Frequency Percent
What are the causes of goiter?
 In adequate dietary intake (n = 627) 184 29.3
 Eating goiter causing foods (n = 627) 126 20.1
 Drinking unprotected water (n = 627) 138 22
 Family predisposition (n = 627) 103 16.4
 Supernatural being or evil spirit (n = 626) 33 5.3
 Spontaneous event (n = 627) 33 5.3
 Other (n = 627) 36 5.7
 I don’t know the cause (n = 627) 93 14.8
Do you know the health risk of goiter? (n = 627)
 Yes 500 79.7
 No 41 6.5
 I don’t know 86 13.7
What are these risks of goiter?
 Reduce school performance (n = 510) 123 24.1
 Physical deficit (n = 511) 252 49.3
 Abortion or miscarriage (n = 511) 72 14.1
 Social discrimination (n = 511) 76 14.9
 Other (n = 511) 45 8.8
Do you think goiter is preventable? (n = 629)
 Yes 567 90.1
 No 32 5.1
 I don’t know 30 4.8
How do you think one can prevent from goiter?
 Using iodized table salt (n = 574) 394 68.6
 Taking proper nutrition (n = 574) 127 22.1
 Drinking safe water (n = 574) 117 20.4
 Keeping sanitation (n = 574) 52 9.1
 Avoiding sin or evil act (n = 574) 53 9.2
 Other (n = 574) 14 2.4
Is their any one had goiter in your family? (n = 667)
 Yes 213 31.9
 No 454 68.2
What is the relationship with you?
 Mother (n = 213) 42 19.7
 Father (n = 213) 22 10.3
 Garand parents (n = 213) 23 10.8
 Brother or sister (n = 213) 59 27.8
 Uncle (n = 213) 18 8.5
 Aunt (n = 213) 27 12.7
 Myself (n = 213) 20 9.4
 Other (n = 213) 20 9.4
Did they get treatment? (n = 201)
 Yes 131 65.2
 No 70 34.8
Where did they get treatment?
 Traditional healer (n = 172) 24 14
 Health institution (n = 172) 117 68
 Religious healer (n = 172) 22 12.8
 Other (n = 172) 8 4.7