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Table 4 Association different factors on goiter status among high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones, Southern Ethiopia, April 2012

From: Assessing the status of iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and associated factors in Wolaita and Dawro Zones School Adolescents, southern Ethiopia

Variables Goiter status Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OD (95% CI)
Yes No
Sex of the student
 Male 137 253 1.00 1.00
 Female 214 114 3.46 (2.54, 4.72)* 3.526 (2.55–4.87)*
Age of students (years)
 10–14 20 32 1.00  
 15–19 301 306 1.57 (0.88–2.8)  
 20+ 30 29 1.66 (0.78–3.528)  
Permanent address of the student
 Urban 197 224 0.81 (0.60, 1.10)  
 Rural 154 143 1.00 1.00
Climate condition
 Dega 137 135 0.82 (0.55, 1.21) 0.775 (0.506–1.188)
 Woina dega 122 159 0.62 (0.42, 0.91)* 0.617 (0.404–0.943)*
 Kola 89 72 1.00 1.00
Topography of the area
 Plain land 227 234 1.06 (0.78, 1.45)  
 Mountainous 122 132 1.00  
Type of salt used
 Non iodized (rock salt) 186 175 1.00  
 Iodized (table salt) 73 100 0.696 (0.48–1.00)  
 Both 91 90 0.93 (0.65–1.28)  
How often you use iodized table salt in your home?
 Not use 172 165 1.00 1.00
 Always 62 91 0.65 (0.44–0.96)* 0.484 (0.317–0.739)*
 Sometimes 117 111 1.01 (0.72–1.42) 0.876 (0.607–1.625)
Do you consume cassava?
 Yes 317 267 3.49 (2.29–5.32)* 4.184 (2.6–6.707)*
 No 34 100 1.00 1.00
How frequently consume cassava per week?
 Not eat cassava 34 100 0.316 (0.184–0.54)*  
 Only 1 day 154 136 1.05 (0.679–1.634)  
 2 days 61 47 1.207 (0.708–2.057)  
 3 days 45 31 1.35 (0.748–2.437)  
 4 or more days 57 53 1.00  
Do you consume cabbage?
 Yes 331 353 1.000  
 No 20 14 0.66 (0.328–1.32)  
How frequently did you consume cabbage?
 No eat 20 14 0.66 ( 0.312–1.38)  
 Only 1 day 87 93 0.574 (0.275–1.199)  
 2 days 91 111 0.685 (0.309–1.52)  
 3 days 46 47 0.734 (0.352–1.53)  
 4 or more days 107 102 1.00  
Family history of goiter
 Yes 104 109 1.003 (0.728–1.382)  
 No 247 258 1.00  
  1. * Significant P value <0.05