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Table 3 Frequency and odds ratio for the association between poor glycaemic control and determinants (bivariate analysis)

From: Predictors of glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: results of a cross-sectional study in Cameroon

Determinants N Poor glycaemic control p value
Frequency OR 95% CI
Age tertiles
 Third (>16 years) 26 50.0 1.1 (0.4–3.2) 0.886
 Second (15–16 years) 25 52.0 1.5 (0.5–4.5) 0.474
 First (4–14 years) 25 60.0 ref   
Diabetes duration (years)
 >5 19 52.6 0.9 (0.3–2.9) 0.928
 2–5 37 51.4 1.4 (0.4–4.8) 0. 643
 <2 20 60.0 ref   
Primary caregiver
 Mothers 45 31.1 0.07 (0.02–0.2) <0.001
 Others 31 87.1 ref   
Insulin regimen
 2 daily injection 45 21.9 0.2 (0.1–0.5) <0.001
 Multiple daily injection 31 71.1 ref   
Insulin adherence
 Good 26 34.6 0.3 (0.1–0.8) 0.017
 Poor/average 50 64.0 ref   
BGM adherence
 Good 43 32.6 0.1 (0.04–0.3) <0.001
 Poor/average 33 81.8 ref   
Dietary adherence
 Poor/average 69 52.2 2.3 (0.4–12.6) 0.341
 Good 7 71.4 ref   
Caregiver involvement in insulin injection
 Minimal/moderate 37 83.8 14.9 (4.8–46.5) <0.001
 Maximal 39 25.6 ref   
Caregiver involvement in BGM
 Minimal/moderate 34 79.4 7.7 (2.7–22.0) <0.001
 Maximal 42 33.3 ref   
Clinic visits in the last 6 months
 1–3 times 44 70.5 5.2 (1.9–14.1) 0.001
 >3 times 32 31.3 ref   
Socioeconomic status
 Low/middle 53 60.4 2.4 (0.9–6.5) 0.091
 High 23 39.1 ref   
Degree of urbanization
 Rural 46 60.0 1.5 (0.6–3.8) 0.394
 Urban 30 50.0 ref   
  1. OR odds ratio (adjusted for age and gender), CI confidence interval, BGM blood glucose monitoring: Poor glycaemic control; HbA1c >9.0%