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Table 1 Demographic, socio-economic, oral health and clinical characteristics of studied groups according to their asthmatic status

From: Association between untreated carious lesions and asthma in adults at Rabat University Hospital, Morocco: a cross sectional study

  Asthma p
Yes (N = 100) No (N = 100)
Age (years), (mean ± SD) 36.4 ± 15.2 36.2 ± 15.1 0.94
Female gender, n (%) 76 (76) 76 (76) >0.99
Education level, n (%)    0.24
 Non 31 (31) 20 (20)  
 Primary 18 (18) 18 (18)  
 Secondary 23 (23) 33 (33)  
 University 28 (28) 29 (29)  
Income, n(%)    0.13
 Low 39 (39) 28 (28)  
 Medium 34 (34) 47 (47)  
 High 27 (27) 25 (25)  
Age at beginning tooth brushing (years), [median (IQR)] 12 (7–20) 10 (7–19) 0.54
Duration of brushing, (min), [median (IQR)] 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 0.41
Inappropriate brushing motion, n(%) 48 (48) 51 (51) 0.61
DMFT, (mean ± SD) 18.4 ± 8.1 13.8 ± 6.4 <0.001
DT, (mean ± SD) 8.8 ± 4.6 6.2 ± 4.3 <0.001
MT, [median (IQR)] 1 (0–3) 0 (0–1) <0.001
Proximal DT, [median (IQR)] 4 (1–7) 1 (0–3) <0.001
Number of WSL at cervical mergins, [median (IQR)] 0 (0–4) 0 (0–1) <0.001
PI, [median (IQR)] 1.2 (0.8–2) 1.2 (0.5–1.7) <0.001
GI, [median (IQR)] 1.6 (1–2.6) 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 0.07
  1. IQR, interquartile range; SD, standard deviation; MT, number of missed teeth; DT, number of decayed untreated teeth; DMFT, number of decayed, missed and filled teeth; GI, gingival index; PI, plaque index; WSL, white spot lesions; min, minutes; Proximal DT, number of proximal decayed untreated teeth
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