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Table 2 Pathogens associated with acute diarrhoea

From: Microbial pathogens associated with acute childhood diarrhoea in Kumasi, Ghana

 Pathogens n (%) Controls
(n = 107)
Cases
(n = 240)
Odds ratio Total
(n = 347)
Parasites
 Blood sample
  Malaria parasite positive 1 (0.9) 22 (9.2) 10.7 23 (6.6)
 Stool samples
  Microscopy    0.54  
   Ancylostoma species 0 (0) 1 (0.4)   1 (0.3)
   Giardia species 5 (4.7) 7 (2.9)   12 (3.5)
   Hymenolepsis species 2 (1.9) 2 (0.8)   4 (1.2)
   Strongyloides species 4 (3.7) 4 (1.7)   8 (2.3)
Bacteria    5.53  
 Cultures     
  Salmonella spp. 2 (1.9) 18 (7.5)   20 (5.8)
  Shigella spp. 1 (0.9) 15 (6.2)   16 (4.6)
Viruses
 Rapid test
  Adenovirus positive 7 (6.5) 25 (10.4) 1.66 32 (9.2)
  Rotavirus positive 9 (8.4) 63 (26.2) 3.88 72 (20.7)