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Table 2 Isolation rates of bacteria in clinical samples collected from different site of infections occurred among patients at Debre Markos Referral Hospital (2011–2014)

From: Bacterial agents and antibiotic resistance profiles of infections from different sites that occurred among patients at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Type of isolated organism Type of clinical specimens
Wound
(n = 238)
Ear
(n = 58)
Urine
(n = 108)
Stool
(n = 58)
Blood
(n = 41)
Urethral discharge
(n = 28)
Nasal/throat swab
(n = 12)
CSF
(n = 32)
Total
(n = 575)
S. aureus 70 (77.8) 18 (32.7) 3 (6.3) 2 (10.5) 4 (19) 3 (33.3) 100 (35.4)
E. coli 5 (5.6) 2 (3.6) 27 (60) 1 (2.9) 4 (21.1) 0 39 (13.9)
P. aeruginosa 6 (6.7) 19 (34.5) 5 (10.4) 0 0 30 (10.7)
Salmonella spp. 24 (68.6) 1 (5.3) 25 (8.9)
Shigella spp. 10 (28.6) 10 (3.6)
N. gonorrhoeae 0 16 (76.2) 0 0 16 (5.7)
S. pneumoniae 0 6 (10.9) 7 (36.8) 2 (22.2) 1 16 (5.7)
S. pyogenes 3 (3.3) 7 (12.7) 0 3 (15.8) 4 (44.4) 0 17 (6.1)
Klebsiella spp. 0 4 (7.3) 7 (14.6) 0 0 11 (3.9)
N. meningitidis 2 (10.5) 0 1 3 (1.1)
Proteus spp. 3 (3.3) 0 1 (2.1) 0 4 (1.4)
S. agalactiae 2 (4.2) 0 1 (4.8) 0 3 (1.1)
Enterobacter 3 (3.3) 0 0 3 (1.1)
Citrobacter 0 0 3 (6.3) 0 3 (1.1)
Total isolation rate 90 (32.1) 56 (20) 48 (17.1) 35 (12.5) 19 (6.8) 21 (7.5) 9 (3.2) 2 (0.7) 280 (100)
  1. n total number of clinical specimens processed to isolate pathogens