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Table 5 Antibiogram of common pathogenic bacteria isolated from different sites of infections at Debre Markos referral Hospital (2011–2014)

From: Bacterial agents and antibiotic resistance profiles of infections from different sites that occurred among patients at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Bacterial species R0 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 Over all, MDR
S. aureus (n = 100) 5 (5) 5 (5) 8 (7) 12 (12) 23 (23) 16 (16) 19 (17) 12 (12) 90 (90)
E. coli (n = 39) 6 (15.4) 9 (23.1) 10 (25.6) 7 (17.9) 3 (8.8) 2 (5.9) 2 (5.1)   24 (61.5)
P. aeruginosa (n = 30) 3 (10) 5 (16.7) 8 (26.7) 9 (30) 3 (10) 2 (6.7) 0 0 22 (73.3)
Klebsiella spp. (n = 11) 1 (9.1) 1 (9.1) 2 (18.2) 4 (36.4) 3 (27.3) 0 0 0 9 (81.8)
S. pyogenes (n = 17) 3 (17.6) 1 (5.9) 7 (41.2) 4 (23.5) 2 (11.8) 0 0 0 13 (76.5)
S. pneumoniae (n = 16) 0 8 (50) 5 (31.3) 1 (6.3) 2 (12.5) 0 0 0 8 (50)
Salmonella spp. (n = 25) 0 3 (12) 3 (12) 8 (32) 5 (20) 4 (16) 2 (8) 0 22 (88)
Shigella spp. (n = 10) 0 4 (40) 0 2 (20) 2 (20) 2 (20) 0 0 6 (60)
N. gonorrhoeae (n = 16) 2 (12.5) 4 (25) 5 (31.3) 2 (12.5) 3 (18.8) 0 0 0 10 (62.5)
N. meningitidis (n = 3) 0 0 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 0 0 0 0 3
Proteus spp. (N = 4) 1 (25) 1 (25) 1 (25) 1 (25) 0 0 0 0 2
Citrobacter spp. (N = 3) 1 (33.3) 1 (33.3) 1 (33.3) 0 0 0 0 0 1
Enterobacter spp. (N = 3) 1 (33.3) 0 1 (33.3) 0 0 0 1 0 2
S. agalactiae (N = 3) 1 (33.3) 1 (33.3) 0 0 0 1 (33.3) (33.3) 0 1
Total (n = 280) 24 (8.6) 43 (15.4) 53 (18.9) 51 (18.2) 46 (16.4) 27 (9.6) 24 (8.6) 12 (4.3) 213 (76.1)
  1. R0: susceptible to all antimicrobials tested; R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7: Resistance to one, two, three, four, five, six and seven antimicrobials, respectively