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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odd ratios of determinants of skilled birth attendants at delivery

From: Socio-demographic determinants of skilled birth attendant at delivery in rural southern Ghana

Characteristics Crude Adjusted
OR P values (95% CI) OR P values (95% CI)*
Age group
 15–19 1   1  
 20–24 1.34 0.079 (0.97–1.85) 1.53 0.039 (1.02–2.30)
 25–29 1.87 <0.001 (1.34–2.60) 2.12 0.002 (1.31–3.42)
 30–34 1.74 0.002 (1.22–2.48) 2.44 0.002 (1.40–4.24)
 35–39 2.15 <0.001 (1.42–3.25) 4 <0.001 (2.10–7.61)
 40+ 1.45 0.139 (0.89–2.36) 4.25 <0.001 (2.08–8.71)
Marital status
 Single 1   1  
 Married 1.69 <0.001 (1.25–2.29) 1.32 0.192 (0.87–1.10)
 Separated/divorced 1.56 0.289 (0.687–3.54) 3.4 0.036 (1.08–10.68)
 Cohabiting 1.09 0.460 (0.87–1.36) 1.2 0.246 (0.88–1.64)
 Widowed 1.82 0.459 (0.37–8.836) 2.19 0.490 (0.24–20.38)
 Missing 0.88 0.760 (0.40–1.97) 0.97 0.956 (0.39–2.42)
Level of education
 No education 1    
 Primary 1.61 <0.001 (1.26–2.05) 1.52 0.006 (1.13–2.06)
 Junior high/middle school 3.09 <0.001 (2.40–4.00) 2.07 <0.001 (1.51–2.83)
 Senior high and above 8.88 <0.001 (4.90–16.10) 3.41 0.001 (1.65–7.04)
Occupation
 Unemployed 1    
 Farmer 0.63 0.003 (0.47–0.85) 0.69 0.050 (0.48–1.00)
 Artisan 2.3 <0.001 (1.59–3.33) 1.04 0.856 (0.67–1.63)
 Trader 1.43 0.010 (1.09–1.88) 1.25 0.200 (0.89–1.75)
 Civil servant 7.2 0.007 (1.69–30.60)   
 Student 0.95 0.756 (0.69–1.30) 0.87 0.533 (0.56–1.34)
 Others 1.4 0.355 (0.69–2.87) 1.25 0.609 (0.53–2.91)
Parity
 Parity 1 1   1  
 Parity 2 0.74 0.029 (0.56–0.97) 0.46 <0.001 (0.32–0.66)
 Parity 3 0.76 0.075 (0.56–1.03) 0.34 <0.001 (0.22–0.52)
 Parity 4 0.84 0.331 (0.59–1.19) 0.5 0.008 (0.30–0.83)
 Parity 5+ 0.41 <0.001 (0.30–0.55) 0.24 <0.001 (0.14–0.39)
Socio economic status
 Poorest 1   1  
 Poorer 1.39 0.034 (1.03–1.88) 1.17 0.342 (0.84–1.63)
 Poor 1.7 0.001 (1.23–2.34) 1.31 0.129 (0.92–1.86)
 Less poor 3.54 <0.001 (2.53–4.96) 2.55 <0.001 (1.77–3.69)
 Least poor 8.75 <0.001 (5.60–13.67) 4.8 <0.001 (2.96–7.77)
ANC attendance
 Attend ANC 1   1  
 Don’t attend ANC 0.03 <0.001 (0.01–0.12) 0.05 <0.001 (0.01–0.22)
Type of live birth
 First live birth 1   1  
 Not first live birth 0.65 <0.001 (0.52–0.82)   
  1. OR odd ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. Statistically significant
  3. * Correct classification rate of the model = 72.65%