Skip to main content

Table 2 Questions to assess behavioral determinants

From: Identifying behavioural determinants for interventions to increase handwashing practices among primary school children in rural Burundi and urban Zimbabwe

Behavioral determinants Items
Risk factors
 Perceived vulnerability Are you afraid of getting diarrhea?
 Perceived severity Is it bad for you if you get diarrhea?
 Health knowledge What are the effects of diarrhea on your body?
Can you tell me why people get diarrhea?
How can you protect yourself against diarrhea?
Why is it important to wash your hands?
Attitude factors
 Instrumental beliefs: time Does washing hands with soap and water take a lot of time?
 Affective beliefs: liking Do you like to wash your hands with soap and water?
 Affective beliefs: disgust Do you feel dirty if you don’t wash your hands after you use the toilet?
Norm factors
 Descriptive norm Do other children at school wash hands with soap and water after they use the toilet?
 Injunctive norm Do your teachers think you have to wash your hands with soap and water after you use the toilet?
Ability factors
 Action self-efficacy Are you sure, that you can always wash your hands with soap and water after you use the toilet at school?
Self-regulation factors
 Action control Do you pay attention to always washing your hands with soap and water after you use toilet?
 Remembering Do you always remember to wash your hands with soap and water after you use toilet?
 Commitment Is it important to you to wash your hands with soap and water before you use the toilet?
  1. Scales range from 0 = not at all to 1 = a great deal