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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of socio-demographic characteristics and anemia among pregnant women (n = 217) in Butajira General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia, March 1–April 30, 2015

From: Burden and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in southern Ethiopia: cross sectional study

Variables Total (n = 217) n (%) Anaemia COR (95% CI) p value
Yes (n = 60) n = (%) No (n = 157) n = (%)
Age in years
 <20 17 (7.8) 7 (3.2) 10 (4.6) 1r 0.755
 21–30 94 (43.3) 29 (48.3) 65 (41.4) 2.105 (0.210–1.621)
 31–40 70 (32.2) 18 (30) 52 (33.1) 0.606 (0.166–1.540)
 >40 36 (16.5) 6 (10) 30 (19.1) 1.650 (0.208–4.882)
Educational status
 Illiterate 32 (14.7) 11 (5.1) 21 (9.6) 1r 0.999
 Primary 94 (43.3) 30 (13.8) 64 (29.4) 0.895 (0.383–2.091)
 Secondary 72 (33.2) 15 (6.9) 57 (26.2) 0.502 (0.199-1.267)
 Tertiary 15 (6.9) 4 (1.8) 11 (5.1) 0.694 (0.179–2.697)
 Others 4 (1.8) 0 (0) 4 (1.8) 0.000 (0.000, –)
Occupation status
 Housewife 99 (45.6) 28 (12.9) 71 (32.7) 1r 0.931
 Trader 61 (28.1) 15 (6.9) 46 (21.1) 0.827 (0.399–1.713)
 Daily laborer 11 (5.1) 4 (1.8) 7 (3.2) 1.449 (0.393–5.338)
 Farming 6 (2.8) 3 (1.3) 3 (1.3) 2.536 (0.483–13.323)
 Self employed 10 (4.6) 2 (0.9) 8 (3.68) 0.634 (0.127–3.172)
 NGO employee 6 (2.8) 1 (0.46) 5 (2.3) 0.507 (0.057–4.537)
 Governmental employee 24 (11.1) 7 (3.2) 17 (7.8) 1.044 (0.391–2.790)
Residence
 Urban 168 (77.4) 40 (18.4) 128 (58.9) 0.453 (0.232–0.887) 0.021*
 Rural 49 (22.6) 20 (9.2) 29 (13.3) 1r
Marital status
 Single 4 (1.8) 4 (1.8) 0 (0) 1r 0.999
 Married 213 (98.2) 56 (25.8) 157 (72.3)
Monthly income (ETB)
 <500 80 (36.9) 24 (11) 56 (25.8) 1r 0.453
 500–1000 79 (36.4) 22 (10.1) 57 (26.2) 0.901 (0.453–1.788)
 >1000 58 (26.7) 14 (6.4) 44 (20.2) 0.742 (0.344–1.601)
  1. 1r set as reference, NGO non-governmental employee, 1 US $ 18.6 Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
  2. * p < 0.05