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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women (n = 217) in Butajira General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia, March 1–April 30, 2015

From: Burden and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in southern Ethiopia: cross sectional study

Variables Total (n = 217) n (%) Anaemia COR (95% CI) p value
Yes (n = 60) n = (%) No (n = 157) n = (%)
History of Malaria
 Yes 54 (24.9) 24 (40) 30 (19.1) 1r 0.002*
 No 163 (75.1) 36 (60) 127 (80.9) 0.354 (0.185–0.680)
History of excess menstrual bleeding
 Yes 53 (24.4) 44 (73.3) 9 (5.7) 1r <0.0001*
 No 164 (75.6) 16 (26.7) 148 (94.3) 0.022 (0.009–0.053)
Bare foot walking
 Yes 19 (8.8) 7 (11.7) 12 (7.5) 1r 0.352
 No 198 (91.2) 53 (88.3) 145 (92.5) 0.627 (0.234–1.676)
ANC follow up
 Yes 171 (78.8) 24 (40) 147 (93.6) 0.045 (0.020–0.103) <0.0001 *
 No 46 (21.2) 36 (60) 10 (6.3) 1r
ITN utilization
 Yes 81 (37.3) 17 (28.3) 64 (40.8) 0.574 (0.301–1.095) 0.092
 No 136 (62.7) 43 (71.7) 93 (59.2) 1r
Use of deworming
 Yes 102 (47.0) 26 (43.3) 76 (48.4) 0.815 (0.4481–0.483) 0.503
 No 115 (53.0) 34 (56.7) 81 (51.6) 1r  
Use of contraceptive
 Yes 173 (79.7) 48 (80) 125 (79.6) 1.024 (0.487–2.151) 0.950
 No 44 (20.3) 12 (20) 32 (21.4) 1r  
Iron-foliate supplementations
 Yes 156 (71.9) 42 (70) 114 (72.6) 0.880 (0.458–1.693) 0.702
 No 61 (28.1) 18 (30) 43 (27.4) 1r  
Habit of drinking coffee or tea after meal
 Yes 175 (80.6) 49 (81.7) 126 (80.3) 0.912 (0.425–1.957) 0.814
 No 42 (19.4) 11 (18.3) 31 (19.7) 1r
Consumption of ASF
 Yes 105 (48.4) 21 (35) 84 (53.5) 0.468 (0.253–0.867) 0.016*
 No 112 (51.6) 39 (65) 73 (46.5) 1r
Consumption of PSF
 Yes 35 (16.1) 14 (23.3) 21 (13.4) 1r 0.078
 No 182 (83.9) 46 (76.7) 136 (86.6) 0.507 (0.239, 1.079)
Pregnancy trimester
 1st 73 (33.6) 21 (35) 52 (33.2) 1r 0.350
 2nd 66 (30.4) 11 (18.3) 55 (35) 0.495 (0.218–1.127)
 3rd 78 (35.9) 28 (46.7) 50 (31.8) 1.387 (0.698–2.754)
Parity
 0 132 (61.3) 5 (8.3) 128 (81.5) 1r 0.998
 1–4 63 (29) 33 (55) 29 (18.5) 29.131 (10.470–81.054)
 ≥5 22 (10.1) 22 (36.7) 0 (0) 4.136E10 (0.000)
Inter pregnancy interval (years)
 <2 57 (26.3) 46 (76.7) 11 (7) 1r <0.0001 *
 ≥2 108 (49.8) 5 (8.3) 103 (65.6) 0.012 (0.004–0.035)
Intestinal parasite
 Present 28 (12.9) 21 (35) 7 (4.5) 1r <0.0001 *
 Absent 189 (87.1) 39 (65) 150 (95.5) 0.087 (0.034–0.219)
  1. 1r set as reference, p p value, PSF plant source food, ASF animal source food
  2. * p < 0.05