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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants at baseline

From: Stroke in a resource-constrained hospital in Madagascar

Characteristics n = 30
Age in years, median (IQR) 62.5 (58–67)
Sex
 Male 16 (53%)
 Female 14 (47%)
Relationship status
 Married/cohabitant 21 (70%)
 Widow(er) 7 (23%)
 Single 2 (7%)
Living alone
 Yes 3 (10%)
 No 27 (90%)
Piped water inside dwelling
 Yes 3 (10%)
 No 27 (90%)
Literate
 Yes 29 (97%)
 No 1 (3%)
Education
 Minimal 6 (20%)
 Primary school 12 (40%)
 Junior secondary school 7 (23%)
 Senior secondary school 3 (10%)
 Unknown 2 (7%)
Employment
 Farmer 15 (50%)
 Retired 8 (27%)
 Unemployed 4 (13%)
 Employee 3 (10%)
Disability prior to current stroke (mRS score)
 Mild (mRS 0–2) 25 (83%)
 Moderate (mRS 3) 3 (10%)
 Severe (mRS 4–5) 2 (7%)
Risk factors
 Hypertension 22 (73%)
 Tobacco smoking 12 (40%)
  Previously 9 (30%)
  Currently 3 (10%)
 Previous stroke 7 (23%)
 Diabetes mellitus 3 (10%)
 Intermittent claudication 1 (3%)
Stroke severity (NIHSS score)
 Mild (NIHSS 0–5) 5 (17%)
 Moderate (NIHSS 6–10) 3 (10%)
 Severe (NIHSS 11–15) 7 (23%)
 Very severe (NIHSS ≥16) 15 (50%)
Level of consciousness
 Awake 13 (43%)
 Drowsy 10 (33%)
 No response 7 (23%)
Swallowing function
 Normal 13 (43%)
 Impaired 8 (27%)
 Not testable 9 (30%)
Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) classification
 Total anterior circulation syndrome 11 (37%)
 Partial anterior circulation syndrome 8 (27%)
 Posterior circulation syndrome 1 (3%)
 Lacunar syndrome 5 (17%)
 Unclassifiable 5 (17%)
Siriraj Stroke Score (SSS)
 Hemorrhagic stroke (SSS >1) 16 (53%)
 Ischemic stroke (SSS <−1) 9 (30%)
 Equivocal (SSS −1 to 1) 5 (17%)
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Low (<100/60) 0
 Normal (100/60–140/90) 6 (20%)
 High (>140/90) 24 (80%)
Plasma glucose (mmol/L)a
 Low (<4) 0
 Normal (4.0–6.9) 14 (50%)
 Intermediate (7.0–11.0) 9 (32%)
 High (≥11.1) 5 (18%)
  1. IQR interquartile range, mRS modified Rankin Scale, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale
  2. aMeasured for 28 patients