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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate association between MRSA carriage and risk factors

From: Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage on admission among patients attending regional hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Characteristic N = 258 MRSA positive
n (%)
Univariate
p value; OR (95%)
Multivariate
p value; OR (95%)
Age group in years
 7–17 24 3 (12.5) 0.29; 3.2 (0.37–40.5) 0.25; 4.1 (0.36–47.6)
 18–30 102 11 (10.8) 0.178; 4.6 (0.49–44.5) 0.126; 6.1 (0.60–63.6)
 31–60 109 7 (3.6) 0.99; 1.5 (−0.57–3.70) 0.88; 1.2 (0.11–12.7)
 >60 23 1 (4.3) 1 1
Sex
 Male 108 12 (11.1) 0.124; 2.15 (0.81–5.72) 0.104; 2.3 (0.84–6.42)
 Female 150 10 (6.7) 1 1
Education attained
 Primary education and below 133 13 (9.8) 0.46; 1.39 (0.57–3.39) 0.36; 1.6 (0.57–4.46)
 Secondary education and above 125 9 (7.2) 1 1
History of antibiotic use
 Yes 37 4 (11.0) 0.59; 1.36 (0.43–4.2) 0.38; 1.72 (0.5–5.8)
 No 221 18 (8.0) 1 1
History of hospitalisation
 Yes 20 1 (5.0) 0.76; 0.715 (0.079–6.45) 0.66; 0.60 (0.63–5.85)
 No 238 21 (8.8) 1 1
History of attending OPC
 Yes 60 4 (6.7) 0.84; 0.88 (0.25–3.1) 0.92; 0.94 (0.26–3.33)
 No 198 18 (9.1) 1 1
Type of illness on admission
 Chronic illness 44 5 (11.4) 0.314; 1.96 (0.52–7.31) 0.41; 1.74 (0.46–6.57)
 Acute illness 214 17 (7.9) 1  
  1. OPC outpatient clinic