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Table 2 Health care workers stethoscope disinfection practices

From: Bacteriological assessment of stethoscopes used by healthcare workers in a tertiary care centre of Nepal

Methods Number (%) of stethoscopes examined Number (%) of stethoscopes contaminated 95% confidence interval
Frequency of disinfection of stethoscopes
 Every day 22 (18) 3 (13.6) 0.72–27.92
 Alternate day 14 (11.4) 9 (64.2) 39.09–89.31
 Once a week 27 (22.1) 22 (81.4) 66.72–96.08
 Once a month 16 (13.1) 14 (87.5) 71.3–103.7
 >Once yearly 9 (7.3) 8 (88.8) 68.2–109.4
 Never cleaned 34 (27.8) 32 (94.1) 86.18–102.02
 Total 122 88 (72.1) 64.14–80.06
Methods Numbers (%)
Methods practiced by HCW for cleaning of stethoscopes
 Methylated spirit swab 42 (34.4) 18 (42.8) 27.84–57.76
 Hand sanitizer 21 (17.2) 16 (76.1) 57.86–94.34
 Cloth 11 (9) 10 (90.9) 73.9–107.9
 Soapy water 14 (11.4) 12 (85.7) 67.36–104.04
 No agent/never cleaned 34 (27.8) 32 (94.1) 86.18–102.02
 Total 122 88 (72.1) 64.14–80.06
Hand washing after each patient
 Yes 21 (17.2) 6 (28.5) 9.19–47.81
 No 101 (82.7) 82 (81.1) 73.46–88.74
 Total 122 88 (72.1) 64.14–80.06
Stethoscope cleaning after every patient
 Yes 26 (21.3) 3 (11.5) 0.76–23.76
 No 96 (78.6) 85 (88.5) 82.12–94.88
 Total 122 88 (72.1) 64.14–80.06
Barriers to cleaning of stethoscopes
 Lack of time 43 (35.2) 31 (72) 58.58–85.42
 Forgetfulness/laziness 26 (21.3) 17 (65.3) 47–83.6
 Lack of knowledge regarding best disinfectant 16 (13.1) 12 (75) 53.78–96.22
 Lack of access to disinfectants 11 (9) 8 (72.7) 46.37–99.03
 Concern for damaging one’s stethoscope 4 (3.2) 3 (75) 32.57–117.43
 Sharing of stethoscopes 13 (10.6) 9 (69.2) 44.1–94.3
 Unspecified 9 (7.3) 8 (88.8) 68.2–109.4
 Total 122 88 (72.1) 64.14–80.06