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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of TBI patients in inpatient rehabilitation

From: Clinical profile and comorbidity of traumatic brain injury among younger and older men and women: a brief research notes

Characteristics Total (N = 1791) 0–64 years (N = 1164) 65+ years (N = 627)
Males N = 1257 (70.2%) Females N = 534 (29.8%) p value Males N = 898 (77.1%) Females N = 266 (22.9%) p value Males N = 359 (57.3%) Females N = 268 (42.7%) p value
Demographic variables
 Age (years) 50.1 ± 20.9 59.8 ± 21.8 <0.001 39.5 ± 14.3 41.2 ± 14.4 0.089 76.5 ± 6.7 78.3 ± 7.2 0.001
 English languagea 1148 (91.3) 486 (91.0) 0.828 840 (93.5) 250 (94.0) 0.794 308 (85.8) 236 (88.1) 0.408
Clinical variables
 1+ comorbid condition; admissiona 1038 (82.6) 482 (90.3) <0.001 716 (79.7) 226 (85.0) 0.057 322 (89.7) 256 (95.5) <0.001
 1+ comorbid condition; dischargea 168 (13.4) 96 (18.0) 0.037 105 (11.7) 33 (12.4) 0.752 63 (17.6) 63 (23.5) 0.066
 Length of stay (days) 48.8 ± 50.8 Q2 = 37 45.4 ± 40.8 Q2 = 36 0.134 54.0 ± 56.5 Q2 = 41.5 56.4 ± 48.5 Q2 = 45 0.490 35.9 ± 28.7 Q2 = 31 34.5 ± 27.5 Q2 = 28 0.530
 Total function score, FIM™ instrument; admit 83.1 ± 28.1 Q2 = 90 78.4 ± 25.9 Q2 = 83 <0.001 84.9 ± 29.5 Q2 = 94 79.3 ± 29.3 Q2 = 87 0.007 78.6 ± 23.5 Q2 = 83 77.4 ± 22.1 Q2 = 80 0.510
 Total function score, FIM™ instrument; discharge 104.2 ± 24.2 Q2 = 114 101.1 ± 24.7 Q2 = 110 0.013 105.9 ± 24.5 Q2 = 116 104.1 ± 25.8 Q2 = 114 0.294 99.9 ± 22.8 Q2 = 108 98.0 ± 23.0 Q2 = 106 0.314
 Total motor rating, FIM™ instrument; admit 60.3 ± 23.8 Q2 = 65 54.9 ± 21.6 Q2 = 56 <0.001 62.8 ± 24.8 Q2 = 70 57.2 ± 24.4 Q2 = 62 0.001 54.1 ± 19.6 Q2 = 56 52.6 ± 18.2 Q2 = 53 0.338
 Total motor rating, FIM™ instrument; discharge 77.2 ± 19.5 Q2 = 86 74.1 ± 19.6 Q2 = 81 0.002 78.9 ± 19.7 Q2 = 88 76.8 ± 20.6 Q2 = 85 0.138 72.9 ± 18.2 Q2 = 80 71.2 ± 18.1 Q2 = 78 0.251
 Total cognitive Rating, FIM™ instrument; admit 22.8 ± 7.8 Q2 = 24 23.5 ± 7.7 Q2 = 24 0.103 22.1 ± 7.8 Q2 = 23 22.1 ± 8.0 Q2 = 23 0.999 24.6 ± 7.5 Q2 = 25 24.8 ± 7.2 Q2 = 25 0.670
 Total cognitive rating, FIM™ instrument; discharge 27.2 ± 6.7 Q2 = 29 27.2 ± 6.8 Q2 = 29 0.939 27.2 ± 6.7 Q2 = 29 27.3 ± 6.8 Q2 = 29 0.839 27.1 ± 6.8 Q2 = 28 27.1 ± 6.8 Q2 = 29 0.967
 FIM efficiency 0.6 ± 1.0 0.7 ± 0.9 0.052 0.5 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 0.6 0.048 0.9 ± 1.0 0.8 ± 1.1 0.370
  1. Patients with traumatic brain injury in inpatient rehabilitation between 2004/05 and 2007/08 in Ontario, Canada: characteristics by sex and age groups
  2. Values are mean ± SD or N (%) unless otherwise specified. T tests, except a Chi squared tests. Q2 indicates the median value