Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of TBI patients in inpatient rehabilitation

From: Clinical profile and comorbidity of traumatic brain injury among younger and older men and women: a brief research notes

Characteristics Total (N = 1791) 0–64 years (N = 1164) 65+ years (N = 627)
Males
N = 1257 (70.2%)
Females
N = 534 (29.8%)
p value Males
N = 898 (77.1%)
Females
N = 266 (22.9%)
p value Males
N = 359 (57.3%)
Females
N = 268 (42.7%)
p value
Demographic variables
 Age (years) 50.1 ± 20.9 59.8 ± 21.8 <0.001 39.5 ± 14.3 41.2 ± 14.4 0.089 76.5 ± 6.7 78.3 ± 7.2 0.001
 English languagea 1148 (91.3) 486 (91.0) 0.828 840 (93.5) 250 (94.0) 0.794 308 (85.8) 236 (88.1) 0.408
Clinical variables
 1+ comorbid condition; admissiona 1038 (82.6) 482 (90.3) <0.001 716 (79.7) 226 (85.0) 0.057 322 (89.7) 256 (95.5) <0.001
 1+ comorbid condition; dischargea 168 (13.4) 96 (18.0) 0.037 105 (11.7) 33 (12.4) 0.752 63 (17.6) 63 (23.5) 0.066
 Length of stay (days) 48.8 ± 50.8
Q2 = 37
45.4 ± 40.8
Q2 = 36
0.134 54.0 ± 56.5
Q2 = 41.5
56.4 ± 48.5
Q2 = 45
0.490 35.9 ± 28.7
Q2 = 31
34.5 ± 27.5
Q2 = 28
0.530
 Total function score, FIM™ instrument; admit 83.1 ± 28.1
Q2 = 90
78.4 ± 25.9
Q2 = 83
<0.001 84.9 ± 29.5
Q2 = 94
79.3 ± 29.3
Q2 = 87
0.007 78.6 ± 23.5
Q2 = 83
77.4 ± 22.1
Q2 = 80
0.510
 Total function score, FIM™ instrument; discharge 104.2 ± 24.2
Q2 = 114
101.1 ± 24.7
Q2 = 110
0.013 105.9 ± 24.5
Q2 = 116
104.1 ± 25.8
Q2 = 114
0.294 99.9 ± 22.8
Q2 = 108
98.0 ± 23.0
Q2 = 106
0.314
 Total motor rating, FIM™ instrument; admit 60.3 ± 23.8
Q2 = 65
54.9 ± 21.6
Q2 = 56
<0.001 62.8 ± 24.8
Q2 = 70
57.2 ± 24.4
Q2 = 62
0.001 54.1 ± 19.6
Q2 = 56
52.6 ± 18.2
Q2 = 53
0.338
 Total motor rating, FIM™ instrument; discharge 77.2 ± 19.5
Q2 = 86
74.1 ± 19.6
Q2 = 81
0.002 78.9 ± 19.7
Q2 = 88
76.8 ± 20.6
Q2 = 85
0.138 72.9 ± 18.2
Q2 = 80
71.2 ± 18.1
Q2 = 78
0.251
 Total cognitive Rating, FIM™ instrument; admit 22.8 ± 7.8
Q2 = 24
23.5 ± 7.7
Q2 = 24
0.103 22.1 ± 7.8
Q2 = 23
22.1 ± 8.0
Q2 = 23
0.999 24.6 ± 7.5
Q2 = 25
24.8 ± 7.2
Q2 = 25
0.670
 Total cognitive rating, FIM™ instrument; discharge 27.2 ± 6.7
Q2 = 29
27.2 ± 6.8
Q2 = 29
0.939 27.2 ± 6.7
Q2 = 29
27.3 ± 6.8
Q2 = 29
0.839 27.1 ± 6.8
Q2 = 28
27.1 ± 6.8
Q2 = 29
0.967
 FIM efficiency 0.6 ± 1.0 0.7 ± 0.9 0.052 0.5 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 0.6 0.048 0.9 ± 1.0 0.8 ± 1.1 0.370
  1. Patients with traumatic brain injury in inpatient rehabilitation between 2004/05 and 2007/08 in Ontario, Canada: characteristics by sex and age groups
  2. Values are mean ± SD or N (%) unless otherwise specified. T tests, except a Chi squared tests. Q2 indicates the median value