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Table 3 Results of univariate analysis for predictive variables potentially associated with a positive EGD outcome compared with a negative EGD outcome (n = 1133)

From: Predictors of positive esophagogastroduodenoscopy outcomes in children and adolescents: a single center experience

Predictor variable Positive EGD outcome: n (%) Negative EGD outcome: n (%) p
Age ≥12 year 332 (29.3) 152 (13.4) <0.0001
Female gender 339 (29.9) 245 (21.6) 0.443
African–American race 95 (8.5) 38 (3.4) 0.008
Abdominal pain 402 (35.5) 220 (19.4) <0.0001
Vomiting 205 (18.1) 156 (13.8) 0.272
Diarrhea 87 (7.7) 55 (4.9) 0.580
Nausea 165 (14.6) 93 (8.2) 0.073
Regurgitation 59 (5.2) 39 (3.4) 0.822
Choking/gagging 30 (2.6) 43 (3.8) 0.001
Dysphagia 97 (8.6) 36 (3.2) 0.001
Odynophagia 5 (0.4) 0 (0) 0.062
Feeding refusal 17 (2.5) 33 (7.1) <0.0001
Anorexia 39 (3.4) 30 (2.6) 0.649
Belching 30 (2.6) 29 (2.6) 0.184
Cough 14 (1.2) 24 (2.1) 0.004
Heartburn 76 (6.7) 51 (4.5) 0.863
Bloating/flatulence 55 (8.2) 27 (5.8) 0.129
Throat pain 23 (3.4) 16 (3.5) 0.983
Irritability 37 (3.3) 70 (6.2) <0.0001
Weight loss/failure to thrive 101 (8.9) 76 (6.7) 0.541
Positive celiac antibodies 105 (9.3) 41 (3.6) 0.001
Allergies 90 (7.9) 63 (5.6) 0.933
  1. Italic values reflect values that are significant
  2. EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy