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Table 1 Antibiotic class and hospital guidelines for treatment with cloxacillin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and ceftriaxone

From: Prevalence of antimicrobial drug resistant bacteria carried by in- and outpatients attending a secondary care hospital in Zambia

  Antibiotic class First-line treatment for Second-line treatment for
Cloxacillin Penicillins Skin infections
Gentamicin Aminoglycosides (Neonatal) sepsis
Neonatal meningitis
Pyelonephritis (together with ciprofloxacin)
Ciprofloxacin Fluoroquinolones Pyelonephritis (together with gentamicin) Simple urinary tract infection
Bloody diarrhea
Ceftriaxone Third-generation cephalosporins Sepsis
(Neonatal) meningitis
Severe pneumonia