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Table 2 Predictors of preferences for nursing home care. Results of logistic regressions (for each outcome measure: 0 = low preferences; 1 = high preferences)

From: Who should take care of me? Preferences of old age individuals for characteristics of professional long-term caregivers: an observational cross-sectional study

Independent variables (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
Same gender German language Same cultural background Orderly appearance Empathetic, kind Punctual, reliable Enough time Small team
Age 1.000 1.006 1.032** 0.972 1.115 1.007 0.969 0.976
(0.977–1.023) (0.982–1.030) (1.011–1.054) (0.921–1.027) (0.955–1.301) (0.935–1.084) (0.933–1.007) (0.939–1.013)
Sex (Ref.: male) 8.270*** 1.511* 0.985 2.193+ 5.374+ 1.232 1.931* 1.547
(5.640–12.13) (1.062–2.150) (0.724–1.340) (0.921–5.222) (0.810–35.63) (0.399–3.801) (1.068–3.491) (0.870–2.751)
Living situation (Ref.: Living with partner or spouse) 0.716* 0.753 0.712* 0.524 0.276 0.615 0.527* 0.920
(0.514–0.997) (0.534–1.062) (0.530–0.955) (0.230–1.192) (0.0334–2.281) (0.202–1.874) (0.296–0.941) (0.529–1.600)
West and East Germany (Ref.: East Germany) 0.957 0.896 0.524*** 1.236   0.209 0.899 0.791
(0.648–1.412) (0.591–1.358) (0.364–0.754) (0.491–3.114)   (0.0277–1.574) (0.450–1.797) (0.394–1.587)
Apprenticeship, full-time vocational school (Ref.: Without a vocational degree) 1.188 0.955 1.304 1.583 4.939 2.332 3.141* 2.094
(0.683–2.066) (0.478–1.909) (0.767–2.216) (0.492–5.096) (0.406–60.12) (0.414–13.14) (1.306–7.556) (0.809–5.422)
Professional school or trade and technical school for vocational education 0.862 0.714 0.979 3.893+ 5.611 0.881 1.832 1.660
(0.477–1.556) (0.350–1.457) (0.558–1.715) (0.830–18.26) (0.353–89.29) (0.167–4.635) (0.757–4.435) (0.614–4.486)
University, Fachhochschule, school of engineering 0.609 0.514+ 0.750 1.319 17.87 1.301 2.101 0.810
(0.327–1.135) (0.251–1.053) (0.423–1.331) (0.349–4.993) (0.476–670.3) (0.202–8.378) (0.831–5.312) (0.313–2.094)
German-born (Ref.: no) 0.555* 1.115 1.481 1.325   0.396 0.497 1.987+
(0.323–0.953) (0.643–1.933) (0.918–2.388) (0.423–4.153)   (0.0429–3.657) (0.165–1.501) (0.963–4.099)
Children (Ref.: No children) 1.024 1.208 1.183 0.854 1.911 0.868 1.610 1.432
(0.672–1.559) (0.800–1.824) (0.818–1.709) (0.303–2.403) (0.260–14.06) (0.232–3.247) (0.869–2.982) (0.765–2.681)
Status of health insurance (Ref.: statutory health insurance) 0.625+ 0.772 0.938 1.162    0.738 0.874
(0.382–1.023) (0.513–1.161) (0.641–1.372) (0.372–3.625)    (0.371–1.471) (0.462–1.655)
Provided care for family/friends (Ref.: no) 0.840 0.737+ 0.845 1.637 1.843 0.390+ 0.520* 0.670
(0.609–1.160) (0.531–1.024) (0.638–1.120) (0.754–3.552) (0.274–12.41) (0.131–1.161) (0.304–0.891) (0.398–1.128)
Level of care (Ref.: no) 0.622 1.026 0.787 0.734    1.005 1.737
(0.328–1.182) (0.494–2.132) (0.430–1.437) (0.182–2.954)    (0.321–3.146) (0.645–4.677)
Self-rated health (from ‘very bad’ to ‘very good’) 0.882 0.877 0.863+ 1.409+ 0.696 1.050 1.089 1.009
(0.740–1.053) (0.734–1.047) (0.741–1.005) (0.953–2.084) (0.264–1.832) (0.591–1.868) (0.816–1.454) (0.762–1.337)
Involvement in the issue need for care (from ‘very little’ to ‘very much’) 0.953 1.064 0.908+ 0.827 1.065 1.110 1.344** 1.167+
(0.851–1.066) (0.949–1.192) (0.823–1.003) (0.634–1.079) (0.558–2.033) (0.780–1.581) (1.109–1.630) (0.971–1.401)
Constant 0.350 3.240 0.544 32.37 0.00193 204.3 31.01 5.131
(0.0231–5.299) (0.188–55.86) (0.0481–6.146) (0.0809–12,946) (3.40e−09–1095) (0.142–294,745) (0.358–2685) (0.0745–353.6)
Observations 974 983 967 982 521 788 967 967
Pseudo R2 0.178 0.036 0.046 0.067 0.145 0.061 0.073 0.056
  1. Odd ratios were reported. 95% confidence intervals in parentheses
  2. Region was dropped (253 observations not used) since it predicts success perfectly. Place of birth was dropped (58 observations not used) since it predicts success perfectly. Status of health insurance was dropped (121 observations not used) since it predicts success perfectly. Level of care was dropped (32 observations not used) since it predicts success perfectly. Status of health insurance was dropped (141 observations not used) since it predicts success perfectly. Level of care was dropped (55 observations not used) since it predicts success perfectly. Observations with missing values were dropped (listwise deletion). *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, + p < 0.10