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Fig. 1 | BMC Research Notes

Fig. 1

From: Role of metabolites of cyclophosphamide in cardiotoxicity

Fig. 1

Cyclophosphamide metabolic pathways. Cyclophosphamide (CY) is metabolized to 4-hydroxy-cyclophosphamide (HCY) in the hepatic cytochrome P-450 enzyme (CYP) system (CYP2B6 and/or CYP2C19). HCY enters cells as tautomer aldocyclophosphamide (AldoCY). Through β-elimination, AldoCY can be converted to phosphoramide mustard (PM) and acrolein. Alternatively, AldoCY can also be oxidized to the inactive metabolite o-carboxyethylphosphoramide mustard (CEPM) by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)

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