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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted multilevel logistic regression models of reported momentary exposure to tobacco advertising (N = 1794a)

From: Young adult non-smokers’ exposure to real-world tobacco marketing: results of an ecological momentary assessment pilot study

Variable %b Unadjusted model Adjusted model
OR 95% CI aOR 95% CI
Female 72.58 1.67 0.51 5.42 3.92 1.10 13.96
Race/ethnicity
 Hispanic 6.79 8.01 1.45 44.21 5.08 1.28 20.13
 NH AA 58.51 2.94 0.94 9.17 3.36 1.07 10.54
 NH Asian 6.90 0.63 0.05 8.13 1.60 0.14 18.29
 White (ref) 27.81
Personal financial situation
 Live comfortably (ref) 16.52
 Meet needs with a little left 46.55 0.95 0.27 3.35 0.47 0.15 1.46
 Just meet basic needs 33.65 1.43 0.39 5.23 1.06 0.34 3.35
 Don’t meet basic needs 3.28 10.41 1.31 82.63 6.12 1.16 32.37
Baseline susceptibility to future tobacco use
 Yes 47.89 1.32 0.51 3.45 1.73 0.74 4.06
 No (ref) 52.11
Using tobacco
 Yes, in my group 2.89 17.05 7.60 38.24 17.04 7.47 38.87
 Yes, in my view 4.62 13.42 6.56 27.45 14.43 6.38 32.65
 No (ref) 92.27
Location
 Bar/restaurant 4.89 1.29 0.29 5.88 0.99 0.20 4.95
 Other 4.45 1.22 0.27 5.56 0.80 0.16 4.01
 Others home 7.17 1.58 0.41 6.07 0.95 0.23 4.01
 Outside 4.73 4.14 1.50 11.41 1.46 0.45 4.77
 Store 1.00 10.66 2.50 45.53 14.82 3.61 60.88
 Vehicle/transit 7.17 2.18 0.88 5.42 1.17 0.42 3.21
 Work 14.52 2.46 1.06 5.67 2.39 0.96 5.94
 Home (ref) 56.06
  1. Italic responses have 95% confidence intervals that do not include 1 and are significant at the p < 0.05 level of significance
  2. aNumber of observations in final fully adjusted model
  3. bOf complete responses