Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 7 Summary of finding of evidence of the effectiveness of a combined aerobic and resisted exercise program on smoking cessation

From: Effect of exercise type on smoking cessation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Outcomes Anticipated absolute effects (95% CI)a Relative effect (95% CI) No of participants (studies) Quality of the evidence (GRADE) Comments
Risk with control condition Risk with combined exercise
Point prevalence abstinence at the end of treatment Study population RR 0.91 (0.65–1.27) 330 (1 RCT)
Lowb,c
 
311 per 1000 283 per 1000 (202–395)
Continuous abstinence at the end of treatment Study population RR 0.91 (0.53–1.55) 330 (1 RCT)
Lowb,c
 
146 per 1000 133 per 1000 (78–227)
Point prevalence abstinence at end of follow-up Study population RR 1.18 (0.73–1.89) 330 (1 RCT)
Lowb,c
 
159 per 1000 187 per 1000 (116–300)
Continuous abstinence at end of follow-up Study population RR 1.81 (0.69–4.78) 330 (1 RCT)
Lowb,c
 
37 per 1000 66 per 1000 (25–175)
  1. GRADE Working Group grades of evidence: High quality we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect; Moderate quality we are moderately confident in the effect estimate: the true effect is likely to be close to the estimate of the effect, but there is a possibility that it is substantially different; Low quality our confidence in the effect estimate is limited: the true effect may be substantially different from the estimate of the effect; Very low quality we have very little confidence in the effect estimate: the true effect is likely to be substantially different from the estimate of effect
  2. CI confidence interval, RR relative risk
  3. aThe risk in the intervention group (and its 95% confidence interval) is based on the assumed risk in the comparison group and the relative effect of the intervention (and its 95% CI)
  4. bInconsistency
  5. cImprecision