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Table 3 Mothers’ knowledge on EBF and the practice of exclusive breastfeeding.

From: Factors influencing the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among nursing mothers in a peri-urban district of Ghana

Characteristic Duration of breast feeding (in months) N = 380 χ2 (p value)
<2 n (%) 2– 4 n (%) 5–7 n (%) 8–12 n (%)
Source of information about exclusive breastfeeding
 Health facility 209 (55.00) 93 (24.47) 63 (16.58) 4 (1.05) 34.6065 (0.000)
 TBA 4 (1.05) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)  
 Media 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 7 (1.84) 0 (0.00)  
Appropriate time to initiate breastfeeding
 Within 30 min 159 (41.84) 65 (17.11) 54 (14.21) 4 (1.05) 9.5269 (0.390)
 1–12 h 40 (10.53) 22 (5.79) 12 (3.16) 0 (0.00)  
 24–48 h 14 (3.68) 4 (1.05) 4 (1.05) 0 (0.00)  
 After 48 h 0 (0.00) 2 (0.53) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)  
Steps taken by mothers who perceived not to have breastmilk
 Continue breastfeeding 17 (4.47) 0 (0.00) 29 (7.63) 0 (0.00)  
 Stop breastfeeding 8 (2.11) 0 (0.00) 2 (0.53) 0 (0.00) 86.3647 (0.000)
 Add artificial food 188 (49.47) 89 (23.42) 36 (9.47) 4 (1.05)  
 Will report to Dr./nurse 0 (0.00) 4 (1.05) 3 (0.79) 0 (0.00)  
Medical conditions that can prevent breastfeeding
 Cracked nipple 5 (1.32) 6 (1.58) 8 (2.11) 0 (0.00) 123.4578 (0.000)
 Mastitis 135 (35.53) 41 (10.79) 12 (3.16) 0 (0.00)  
 Engorged breast 12 (3.16) 6 (1.58) 11 (2.89) 0 (0.00)  
 Breast cancer 52 (13.68) 20 (5.26) 6 (1.58) 0 (0.00)  
 Not applicable 9 (2.37 20 (5.26) 33 (8.68) 4 (1.05)  
What should be given to babies immediately after a safe delivery
 Water 16 (4.21) 12 (3.16) 2 (0.53) 0 (0.00) 6.0371 (0.110)
 Breast milk 197 (51.84 81 (21.32) 68 (7.89) 4 (1.05)  
Importance of the first yellowish breast milk
 Protects the child from diseases 157 (41.32) 76 (20.00) 61 (16.05) 4 (1.05) 8.9070 (0.179)
 Contains adequate food 12 (3.16) 6 (1.58) 2 (0.53 0 (0.00)