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Table 1 Larvicidal effect of Phytolacca dodecandra seed powder against populations of Anopheles arabiensis, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Larvicidal effect of Endod (Phytolacca dodecandra) seed products against Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ethiopia

Nature of the larvae Dose response LC values and confidence limits p values
Conc. (mg/l) No. tested No. dead LC Mean conc. 95% CI
Lower Upper
Laboratory strain 5.0 75 15 5 3.096 1.632 5.830 0.05
10.0 75 23 10 4.330 1.658 7.445
20.0 75 42 15 5.430 1.735 8.815
30.0 75 55 50 14.136 8.656 19.949
40.0 75 66 85 36.802 25.383 76.791
50.0 75 75 90 46.152 30.571 113.132
+cntrl 75 75 95 64.544 39.622 204.145
−cntrl 75 0 99 121.077 62.853 633.312
Field population 5.0 75 9 5 3.889 1.100 7.509 0.05
10.0 75 20 10 5.566 1.195 9.686
20.0 75 30 15 7.089 1.935 11.566
30.0 75 44 50 19.706 12.337 29.473
40.0 75 55 85 54.783 35.068 168.437
50.0 75 72 90 69.775 42.101 271.327
+cntrl 75 75 95 99.851 54.553 556.383
−cntrl 75 0 99 195.565 87.067 2179.398
  1. conc. concentration, +cntrl positive control, −cntrl negative control