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Table 2 Larvicidal effect of Phytolacca dodecandra seed extract against populations of Anopheles arabiensis, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Larvicidal effect of Endod (Phytolacca dodecandra) seed products against Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ethiopia

Nature of the larvae Dose response LC values and confidence limits p values
Conc. (mg/l) No. tested No. dead LC Mean conc. 95% CI
Lower Upper
Laboratory strain 5.0 75 9 5 3.694 1.179 8.089 0.05
10.0 75 15 10 5.900 1.590 11.096
20.0 75 21 15 8.092 1.301 13.890
30.0 75 31 50 30.764 19.634 67.537
40.0 75 40 85 116.962 57.651 168.177
50.0 75 60 90 160.422 71.143 377.243
+cntrl 75 75 95 256.198 96.495 1255.738
−cntrl 75 0 99 616.461 169.017 12,070.555
Field population 5.0 75 5 5 4.899 2.790 6.981 0.05
10.0 75 11 10 7.849 5.149 10.315
20.0 75 19 15 10.789 7.741 13.504
30.0 75 27 50 41.390 34.399 53.176
40.0 75 33 85 158.789 106.918 299.344
50.0 75 49 90 218.258 138.593 454.521
+cntrl 75 75 95 349.671 203.213 845.383
−cntrl 75 0 99 846.394 415.301 2715.533
  1. conc. concentration, +cntrl positive control, −cntrl negative control