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Table 4 Suspected agents in all patients

From: Patients with acute poisoning presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania

Adult ≥18 years
Toxic agent N = 84
Alcohol 42 (50.0%)
Mixture of different medicationsa 12 (14.3%)
Unknown 8 (9.5%)
Sedative or hypnotic agent 7 (8.3%)
Organophosphates 7 (8.3%)
Snake venom 6 (7.1%)
Rodenticide (rat poison) 5 (5.9%)
Anti-malarial (Artemisinin based combination) 2 (2.4%)
Tricyclic antidepressants 2 (2.4%)
Opioids 2 (2.4%)
Children (<18 years)
Toxic agent N = 22
Snake venom 6 (27.3%)
Kerosene 3 (13.6%)
Rat poison 3 (13.6%)
Poly pharmacy 2 (9.1%)
Insecticide 1 (4.6%)
Acid 1 (4.6%)
Antimalarial 1 (4.6%)
Pesticide 1 (4.6%)
Tricyclic antidepressant 1 (4.6%)
Organophosphate 1 (4.6%)
  1. aIncludes: ethanol plus sedatives, ethanol plus rat poisoning, ethanol plus antimalarial and antibiotics, ethanol plus unknown agents