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Table 1 Numbers and percentages of participants’ demographic variables

From: Effects of a “silent mentor” initiation ceremony and dissection on medical students’ humanity and learning

Variables T1 T2 T3 F/χ 2 df p
n % n % n %
Total 158 100 153 96.8 137 86.7    
Age (mean ± SD)a 20.97 ± 1.53 20.99 ± 1.54 21.09 ± 1.38 F = 20.38 1 <.05
Gender
 Male 96 60.8 92 60.1 83 60.6 χ 2 = .014 2 .993
 Female 62 39.2 61 39.9 54 39.4
Religious belief
 Yes 69 43.67 66 56.2 60 43.8 χ 2 = .510 2 .972
 No 87 55.06 86 43.1 75 54.7
 No answer 2 1.27 1 7 2 1.5
Family closeness
 Very good 96 60.8 93 60.8 83 60.6 χ 2 = .622 6 .996
 Good 44 27.8 43 28.1 41 29.9
 Middle 15 9.5 14 9.2 10 7.3
 Poor 3 1.9 3 2.0 3 2.2
 Very poor 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. aAge among the three time points were different merely because the participants were aging