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Table 2 Paired t test values before and after the initiation ceremony

From: Effects of a “silent mentor” initiation ceremony and dissection on medical students’ humanity and learning

  Pre-ceremony (T1) Post-ceremony (T2) Follow-up (T3) t T1–T2 df p t T2–T3 df p t T1–T3 df p
Love and care 5.54 ± .82 5.46 ± .91 5.49 ± .92 1.35 152 .178 −.19 132 .851 1.17 136 .242
Attitude towards death 4.77 ± .54 5.04 ± .85 5.10 ± .75 −4.12 151 .000 −.60 129 .548 −6.28 131 .000
Negative emotions 2.98 ± .94 2.52 ± .95 2.34 ± 1.04 5.62 151 .000 1.81 132 .072 6.71 135 .000
High-level emotions 5.52 ± 1.07 5.40 ± 1.12 5.87 ± 1.32 1.35 151 .180 −3.34 132 .001 −3.00 135 .003
Excited emotions 3.96 ± 1.02 4.09 ± .90 4.09 ± 1.04 −1.49 151 .138 .27 132 .784 −.74 135 .462
LEGALSa 5.65 ± 1.04 5.53 ± 1.10 5.84 ± .95 1.51 151 .132 −2.51 129 .013 −2.11 131 .037
  1. aLearning Effectiveness of Gross Anatomy Laboratory Scale