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Table 5 Differences in morbidities by survival status among children aged 2–59 months admitted in public hospitals in the Lake Zone (N = 1130)

From: Morbidity and mortality of children aged 2–59 months admitted in the Tanzania Lake Zone’s public hospitals: a cross-sectional study

Symptoms and diagnoses Survivors (%) n = 1046 Deaths (%) n = 84 Difference (p)a
Major symptoms
 Fever 923 (88.2) 72 (85.7) 0.295
 Vomiting 486 (46.5) 32 (38.1) 0.085
 Diarrhoea 372 (35.6) 25 (29.8) 0.175
 Cough 361 (34.5) 23 (27.4) 0.112
 Difficulty in breathing 166 (15.9) 23 (27.4) 0.007
 Convulsions 133 (12.7) 20 (23.8) 0.006
Major diagnoses
 Malaria 517 (49.4) 38 (45.2) 0.266
 Anaemia 372 (35.6) 48 (57.1) <0.001
 Diarrhoea 288 (27.5) 17 (20.2) 0.091
 Pneumonia 221 (22.0) 28 (33.3) 0.009
 Malnutrition 214 (20.5) 28 (33.3) 0.006
 Urinary tract infections 112 (10.7) 1 (1.2) 0.001
 HIV 28 (2.7) 4 (4.8) 0.209
  1. ap values based on Pearson’s Chi square test