Skip to main content

Table 3 Score of the FAI Japanese version and relationships between good SRH and poor SRH

From: Factors affecting the self-rated health of elderly individuals living alone: a cross-sectional study

  Overall (n = 113) Good SRH (n = 77) Poor SRH (n = 36) P value
Household affairs (0–15) 10.8 ± 4.1 (12, 0–15) 11.5 ± 3.8 (13, 0–15) 9.2 ± 4.5 (10, 0–15) 0.002 (**)
 Preparing meals (0–3) 2.5 ± 1.0 (3, 0–3) 2.6 ± 0.9 (3, 0–3) 2.4 ± 1.2 (3, 0–3) 0.47
 Washing up (0–3) 2.7 ± 0.8 (3, 0–3) 2.8 ± 0.7 (3, 0–3) 2.4 ± 1.1 (3, 0–3) 0.15
 Washing clothes (0–3) 2.6 ± 0.9 (3, 0–3) 2.7 ± 0.8 (3, 0–3) 2.4 ± 1.2 (3, 0–3) 0.31
 Light housework (0–3) 2.0 ± 1.2 (2, 0–3) 2.2 ± 1.1 (3, 0–3) 1.5 ± 1.2 (1, 0–3) 0.004 (**)
 Heavy housework (0–3) 1.0 ± 1.2 (1, 0–3) 1.3 ± 1.2 (1, 0–3) 0.5 ± 1.0 (0, 0–3) 0.000 (***)
Outdoor household (0–9) 3.5 ± 2.7 (3, 0–9) 4.1 ± 2.5 (4, 0–9) 2.3 ± 2.6 (1, 0–8) 0.000 (***)
 Local shopping (0–3) 1.8 ± 1.4 (3, 0–3) 2.0 ± 1.3 (3, 0–3) 1.2 ± 1.4 (0, 0–3) 0.005 (**)
 Gardening (0–3) 1.3 ± 1.2 (1,0–3) 1.5 ± 1.1 (2,0–3) 0.8 ± 1.0 (0,0–3) 0.000 (***)
 Household/car maintenance (0–3) 0.4 ± 0.8 (0, 0–3) 0.5 ± 0.8 (0, 0–3) 0.3 ± 0.7 (0, 0–3) 0.09
Outdoor activities (0–12) 1.3 ± 1.3 (1, 0–8) 1.2 ± 1.2 (1, 0–8) 1.5 ± 1.6 (1, 0–8) 0.12
 Social occasions (0–3) 1.4 ± 1.3 (1, 0–3) 1.5 ± 1.4 (1, 0–3) 1.3 ± 1.3 (1, 0–3) 0.52
 Walking outside (0–3) 1.5 ± 1.3 (1, 0–3) 1.4 ± 1.4 (1, 0–3) 1.5 ± 1.3 (1, 0–3) 0.92
 Driving car/bus travel (0–3) 2.4 ± 1.0 (3, 0–3) 2.6 ± 0.9 (3, 0–3) 2.1 ± 1.3 (3, 0–3) 0.04 (*)
 Travel outings/car rides (0–3) 0.1 ± 0.4 (0, 0–3) 0.1 ± 0.4 (0, 0–3) 0.1 ± 0.3 (0, 0–1) 0.72
Hobby (0–6) 2.1 ± 2.0 (2, 0–6) 2.3 ± 2.0 (3, 0–6) 1.7 ± 2.0 (1, 0–6) 0.09
 Actively pursuing hobby (0–3) 1.2 ± 1.4 (0, 0–3) 1.4 ± 1.4 (1, 0–3) 1.0 ± 1.4 (0, 0–3) 0.16
 Reading books (0–3) 0.9 ± 1.2 (0, 0–3) 0.9 ± 1.2 (0, 0–3) 0.7 ± 1.2 (0, 0–3) 0.33
Work (0–3)
 Gainful work (0–3) 0.1 ± 0.5 (0, 0–3) 0.1 ± 0.5 (0, 0–3) 0.1 ± 0.5 (0, 0–3) 0.41
Total score (0–45) 21.9 ± 9.7 (21, 2–42) 23.6 ± 9.2 (24, 3–40) 18.3 ± 9.9 (18.5, 2–42) 0.006 (**)
  1. FAI scores presented as mean, standard deviation (median, min–max), and differences were examined using Mann–Whitney U test
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001