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Table 1 Virulence factors found among different Candida species

From: Antifungal susceptibility and phenotypic virulence markers of Candida species isolated from Nepal

 

Pz value

Candida albicans (n = 48)

Non albicans Candida species

Candida tropicalis (n = 11)

Candida glabrata (n = 9)

Candida krusei (n = 3)

Proteinase test

 

 Strong

< 0.79

35

5

1

0

 Mild

0.80–0.89

1

1

0

0

 Weak

0.90–0.99

0

0

0

0

 Negative

= 1

12

5

8

3

Phospholipase test

 

 Strong

< 0.79

17

2

1

0

 Mild

0.80–0.89

8

0

0

0

 Weak

0.90–0.99

10

3

2

1

 Negative

= 1

13

6

6

2

Esterase test

 Strong

< 0.79

31

8

3

1

 Mild

0.80–0.89

6

0

0

0

 Weak

0.90–0.99

0

0

0

0

 Negative

= 1

11

3

6

2

Biofilm production

 Positive

36

10

6

3

 Negative

12

1

3

0

Cell surface hydrophobicity (%)

 Strong

> 20

35

10

7

2

 Mild

10–19.99

9

1

2

1

 Weak

0.1–9.99

4

0

0

0

 Negative

< 0.1

0

0

0

0