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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of physician diagnosed asthmatics clinic patients seen at a Referral Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (n = 182)

From: Level of asthma control and risk factors for poor asthma control among clinic patients seen at a Referral Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variable Characteristic Frequency Percent
Age (year): mean ± SD   52 ± 12  
Gender Male 58 31.9
Female 124 68.1
Duration of asthma, median, years   20 ± 12.7  
School education ≤ Primary level 95 52.5
≥ Secondary level 86 47.5
Smoking status Current smokera 2 1.1
Ex-smoker 11 6.2
Non smoker 164 90.7
Use of biomass fuel for cooking Yes 66 37.7
No 109 62.3
Body mass indexb Normal/under weight 37 56.1
Overweight 20 30.3
Obese 9 13.6
Exacerbation in the last 12 month Yes 93 51.1
No 89 48.9
Allergic rhinitis Yes 11 6
No 171 94
GERD Yes 17 9.3
No 165 90.7
Incorrect inhalation technique Yes 62 34.6
No 117 65.4
Controller medication Yes 124 68.1
No 58 31.9
FEV1 > 80% 24 25
< 80% 72 75
GINA symptom assessment Well controlled 44 24.2
Partially controlled 41 22.5
Uncontrolled 97 53.3
  1. aCurrent smoker = person who was smoking during the time of study
  2. bNormal BMI = 18–25 M2/kg