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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with asthma control (N = 182)

From: Level of asthma control and risk factors for poor asthma control among clinic patients seen at a Referral Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variable Character Level of asthma control Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Controlled Uncontrolled p value
Duration of asthma < 10 years 28 (50.9%) 27 (49.1%)    
10–20 years 25 (44.6%) 31 (55.4%)    
21–30 years 24 (55.8%) 19 (44.2%) 0.035 3 (1.08–8.33) 3 (1.07–8.3)
> 30 years 8 (29.6%) 19 (70.4%)    
Use of biomass fuel Yes 142 (36.4%) 42 (63.6%)   1.99 (1.063–3.725) 1.99 (1.05–3.7)
No 58 (53.2%) 51 (46.8%) 0.034   
Exacerbation in last 12 month Yes 33 (42.1%) 60 (64.5%) 0.006 2.5 (1.4–4.6) 2.41 (1.28–4.54)
No 45 (51.7%) 37 (41.6%)    
Incorrect inhalation technique Yes 18 (29%) 44 (71.5%) 0.008 3.05 (1.58–5.9) 2.5 (1.26–4.98)
No 65 (55.6%) 52 (44.4%)    
Salbutamol use Yes 77 (44.5%) 96 (55.5%) 0.096 8.7 (1.051–72.4) 6.2 (0.724–54.87)
No 7 (87.5%) 1 (12.5%)