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Table 2 Changes in physical function in intervention and control groups

From: A foot-care program to facilitate self-care by the elderly: a non-randomized intervention study

Function Intervention group (n = 11) Baseline time mean ± standard deviation Baseline group comparison p value1 After 6 months mean ± standard deviation Comparison between groups after 6 months p value1 Comparison between baseline and after 6 months based on group p value
Control group (n = 10)
Left grip strength (kg) Intervention group 21.3 ± 4.1 0.281 21.5 ± 3.8 0.521 0.562
Control group 19.3 ± 3.8   20.5 ± 3.0   0.072
Right grip strength (kg) Intervention group 21.6 ± 3.5 0.331 21.4 ± 4.4 0.701 0.802
Control group 20.3 ± 2.7   20.8 ± 3.4   0.422
Grip between left foot toes (kg) Intervention group 2.6 ± 0.7 0.731 2.2 ± 0.8 0.611 0.03*2
Control group 2.7 ± 0.8   2.3 ± 0.6   0.03*2
Grip between right foot toes (kg) Intervention group 2.8 ± 0.5 0.861 2.7 ± 0.7 0.281 0.752
Control group 2.7 ± 0.8   2.4 ± 0.5   0.082
FRT age ratio (%) Intervention group 104.0 ± 11.2 0.673 104.5 ± 9.8 0.901 0.184
Control group 101.1 ± 20.1   105.5 ± 22.1   0.342
14-m 10 walk (s) Intervention group 6.9 ± 0.9 0.421 7.2 ± 1.1 0.411 0.232
Control group 7.2 ± 0.8   7.6 ± 1.1   0.142
  1. 1t-test
  2. 2Paired t-test
  3. 3Wilcoxon rank sum test
  4. 4Wilcoxon signed-rank test
  5. * Significant difference between baseline and follow-up