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Table 1 Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of the study population (percentage with 95% confidence interval)

From: Prevalence and determinants of pulmonary hypertension in a group of Cameroonian patients without chronic lung disease: a cross-sectional echocardiographic study

Characteristics Percentage (95% confidence interval)
Overall (N = 178) Males (n = 79) Females (n = 99)
Age ≥ 55 years 74.7 (67.7–80.9) 74.7 (63.6–83.8) 74.7 (65–82.9)
Obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) 30.3 (23.7–37.7) 21.5 (13.1–32.2) 36.4 (26.9–46.6)
Systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg 77.5 (70.7–84.3) 82.3 (72.1–90) 73.7 (63.9–82.1)
Diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg 73.6 (66.5–79.9) 81 (70.6–89) 67.7 (57.5–76.7)
Pulmonary hypertension (RVSP > 35 mm) 25.3 (19.1–32.3) 22.8 (14.1–33.6) 27.3 (18.8–37.1)
Left atrium diameter > 40 mm 42.7 (35.3–50.3) 51.9 (40.4–63.3) 35.4 (26–45.6)
Ejection fraction < 55% 35.4 (28.4–42.9) 41.8 (30.8–53.4) 30.3 (21.5–40.4)
Echo LVH indexed for height (g/m2.7) 72.5 (65.3–78.9) 67.1 (55.6–77.3) 76.8 (67.2–84.7)
Echo LVH indexed for body surface area (g/m2) 66.9 (59.4–73.4) 64.6 (53–75) 68.7 (58.6–77.6)
  1. RVSP right ventricular systolic pressure, LVH left ventricular hypertrophy