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Table 1 Description of the baseline and demographic characteristics of the studied population by village (n = 928)

From: Coinfection of intestinal schistosomiasis and malaria and association with haemoglobin levels and nutritional status in school children in Mara region, Northwestern Tanzania: a cross-sectional exploratory study

Characteristic

Village

p value

Sota

Busanga

Kibuyi

Mwiringo

Bwai

Sex

 Boys (n, %)

76 (17.1)

93 (20.9)

100 (22.4)

103 (23.2)

73 (16.4)

 

 Girls (n, %)

103 (21.3)

90 (18.6)

71 (14.7)

96 (19.8)

123 (25.5)

< 0.001

Age group (years)

 6–8 (n, %)

36 (20.1)

53 (29.0)

46 (26.9)

63 (31.7

70 (35.7)

 

 9–12 (n, %)

96 (53.6)

91 (49.7)

82 (48.0)

80 (40.2

99 (50.5)

 

 13–15 (n, %)

47 (26.3)

39 (21.3)

43 (25.2)

56 (28.1

27 (13.8)

0.003

S. mansoni prevalence (%)

164 (91.6)

154 (84.2)

160 (93.6)

126 (63.3)

190 (96.9)

< 0.001

S. mansoni intensity (epg)

118.1 (94.3–147.8)

204.5 (164.5–254.2)

187.3 (150.4–233.3)

72.2 (51.3–94.2)

349.3 (295.2–413.3)

< 0.001

Hookworm prevalence (%)

6 (3.3)

17 (9.3)

4 (23.0)

13 (6.5)

0

< 0.001

Hookworm intensity (epg)

147.8 (13.4–1623.8)

96.0 (45.3–203.7)

51.6 (19.6–135.6)

161.7 (105.4–258.1)

0.210

Malaria prevalence (%)

50 (27.9)

90 (49.2)

47 (27.5)

58 (29.2)

9 (4.6)

< 0.001

Malaria parasite density (mps/µL)

1097.9 (712.8–1691.0)

591.3 (448.1–780.3)

1608.2 (1020.6–2534.2)

2136.5 (1472.6–3099.7)

609.6 (160.1–2321.2)

< 0.001

Prevalence of co-infection (%)

47 (26.3)

73 (39.9)

51 (29.8)

37 (18.6)

9 (4.6)

< 0.001

Anaemia prevalence (%)

96 (53.6)

82 (44.8)

71 (41.5)

59 (29.7)

84 (42.8)

< 0.001

Mean Hb (g/dL)

111.2 (107.8–114.6)

115.5 (112.7–118.4)

119.5 (116.9–121.9)

125.2 (123.5–126.4)

120.6 (118.1–123.0)

< 0.001

Prevalence of stunting (%)

29 (16.2)

47 (25.6)

44 (25.7)

52 (26.1)

23 (11.7)

< 0.001

Prevalence of thinness (%)

15 (8.4)

8 (4.4)

18 (10.5)

18 (9.1)

4 (2.0)

0.005

Prevalence of underweight (%)

2 (1.1)

3 (1.6)

2 (1.2)

2 (1.0)

3 (1.5)

0.998