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Table 1 Socio-demographic, medical, nutrition and household characteristics of participating children

From: Use of tuberculin skin test for assessment of immune recovery among previously malnourished children in Ethiopia

Characteristics Post-SAM cases (n = 93) Community controls (n = 95) p value
n (%) Median (IQR) n (%) Median (IQR)
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Female 39 (41.9)   41 (43.2)   0.865
 Age (months)   15 (6; 48)   14 (7; 48) 0.309
Medical history
 Ever immunised 77 (82.8)   80 (84.2)   0.794
 Presence of BCG scar 54 (58.1)   65 (68.4)   0.326
 Recent vitamin A supplementation 86 (92.5)   87 (91.6)   0.821
 Recent deworming 52 (55.9)   44 (46.3)   0.188
 Utilises insecticide treated bed net 47 (50.5)   53 (55.8)   0.767
Nutrition status
 Mid upper arm circumference (mm)   122 (118; 131)   135 (130; 143) < 0.001
 Weight-for-age Z-scorea   − 2.8 (− 3.6; − 2.2)   − 1.1 (− 1.8; − 0.5) < 0.001
 Height-for-age Z-scorea   − 3.6 (− 4.6; − 2.6)   − 1.4 (− 2.4; -0.7) < 0.001
 Weight-for-height Z-scorea   − 1.0 (− 1.9; − 0.4)   − 0.5 (− 1.1; 0.2) < 0.001
 % severe stuntinga 60 (65.2)   17 (18.1)   < 0.001
Caregivers information
 Both parents alive 79 (85.9)   92 (96.8)   0.004
 Mother as principal caregiver 89 (95.7)   93 (97.9)   0.442
 Caregiver ever attended school 17 (18.3)   22 (23.2)   0.410
 Principal caregiver age (years)   26 (13; 60)   25 (18; 55) 0.034
 Caregiver MUAC (mm)   222 (182; 297)   229 (122; 267)  
 Infant and child feeding indexb      0.074
 Lowest category 2 (2.1)   4 (4.2)   
 Middle category 42 (45.2)   28 (29.5)   
 Highest category 49 (52.7)   63 (66.3)   
Household characteristics
 Male headed household 88 (95.6)   92 (96.8)   0.668
 Household head attended school 30 (32.3)   34 (36.2)   0.573
 Household size   6 (2–22)   5 (2–12) 0.081
 Number children below 5 years   2 (1–2)   1 (1–2) 0.020
 Food secure 50 (56.2)   77 (82.8)   0.001
 WASH practices category      0.789
 Good WASH indexc 55 (59.1)   58 (61.0)   
 Poor WASH index 38 (40.9)   37 (39.0)   
Wealth quartiles distributiond n = 88   n = 89   0.806
 First 25 (28.4)   21 (23.6)   
 Second 23 (26.1)   27 (30.3)   
 Third 19 (21.6)   22 (24.7)   
 Fourth 21 (23.9)   19 (21.3)   
  1. SAM severe acute malnutrition, MUAC mid upper arm circumference, IQR interquartile range, WASH water, sanitation and hygiene
  2. aUsing 2006 world Health organisation multicentre child growth references
  3. bBased on 24 h recall of breastfeeding, dietary diversity and meal frequency
  4. cSummarised as recommended by WHO and UNICEF methodology [62]
  5. dGenerated using principal component analysis as described in [61]