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Table 2 Clinical characteristics, etiology and outcome of 35 adult patients with acute cerebellitis, including our case

From: Acute cerebellitis in adults: a case report and review of the literature

Characteristics N/N (%)
Median age (range) 36 (18–73)
Male sex 13/35 (37)
Medical history
 None 6/19 (32)
 Malignancy 3/19 (16)
 Hepatitis C infection 2/19 (11)
Symptoms
 Headache 23/26 (88)
 Fever 12/17 (71)
 Nystagmus 13/32 (41)
 Vertigo 11/32 (34)
 Nausea/vomiting 14/16 (88)
 Dysarthria 26/34 (76)
 Ataxia 29/31 (94)
 Altered consciousness 10/35 (29)
 Neck stiffness 4/11 (36)
Etiology
 Unknown 12/35 (34)
 Medication-induced 4/35 (11)
 Paraneoplastic 3/35 (9)
 Para-infectious 2/35 (6)
 Epstein–Barr virus in cerebrospinal fluid 2/35 (6)
 Influenza in cerebrospinal fluid 2/35 (6)
 Mycoplasma pneumoniae in cerebrospinal fluid 2/35 (6)
 Herpes simplex in cerebrospinal fluid 2/35 (6)
 Other 2/35 (6)
 Scrub typhus 1/35 (3)
 Coxsackie virus in cerebrospinal fluid 1/35 (3)
 Salmonella in cerebrospinal fluid 1/35 (3)
 Cryptococcus neoformans in cerebrospinal fluid 1/35 (3)
Brain magnetic resonance imaging findings
 T1: cortical hypointensity 7/13 (54)
 T2/FLAIR: cortical hyperintensity 23/29 (79)
 DWI/ADC: restriction 8/10 (80)
 T1 C+ (gadolinium): cortical and leptomeningeal enhancement 18/23 (78)
 Hydrocephalus 9/35 (26)
Cerebrospinal fluid findings
 Median leukocyte count (/mL) (range) 104 (0–797)
 Median protein (g/L) (range) 0.72 (0.08–2.00)
Treatment
 Steroids 16/35 (46)
 Antiviral medication 12/35 (34)
 Antibiotics 9/35 (26)
 Surgery 7/35 (20)
Outcome
 Full recovery 16/30 (53)
 Sequelae 14/30 (47)
 Death 0/35 (0)
Follow-up brain magnetic resonance imaging findings 21/35 (60)
 Normal 6/21 (29)
 Improved, but with persistent abnormalities 11/21 (52)
 Cerebellar atrophy 4/21 (19)